Approaches to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries

The Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts is the main vehicle under the Convention to promote the implementation of approaches to address loss and damage in a comprehensive, integrated and coherent manner. (See decision 2/CP.19 for the details).

The functions of the Mechanism (see below) are to enhance knowledge and understanding of comprehensive risk management approaches to address loss and damage; strengthen dialogue, coordination, coherence and synergies among relevant stakeholders; and enhance action and support, including finance, technology and capacity-building.

The Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism guides the implementation of those functions through its workplan, with the support of its four thematic expert groups working respectively on: slow onset events, non-economic losses, displacement related to the adverse impacts of climate change, and comprehensive risk management and transformational approaches.

The Executive Committee launched the Fiji Clearing House for Risk Transfer in November 2017.


The workplan takes into account, in a cross-cutting manner:

  1.  Actions to complement, draw upon the work of and involve other bodies under and outside the Convention;
  2. Particularly vulnerable developing countries; segments of the population that are already vulnerable owing to geography, socioeconomic status, livelihood, gender, age, indigenous or minority status or disability; and the ecosystems that they depend on;

  3. The role of sustainable development, including policy and regulatory enabling environments;

  4. Events that may involve irreversible and permanent loss and damage.