LULUCF - Developments at past COP and SB sessions

From COP 4 to COP 6

COP 4 (Buenos Aires, November 1998) decided to recommend draft decisions for adoption by COP/MOP 1 on definitions related to activities under Article 3.3 and modalities, rules and guidelines as to how, and which, additional human-induced activities might be included under Article 3.4, and to do so after the IPCC Special Report on LULUCF had been completed and considered by the SBSTA (see decision 9/CP.4).

COP 5 (Bonn, October/November 1999) endorsed a work programme and a decision-making framework on LULUCF to enable these draft decisions to be adopted by COP 6 (The Hague, November 2000). As part of the negotiations, SBSTA invited Parties to submit country specific data and information on the LULUCF sector according to a standard format agreed at SBSTA 12 (Bonn, June 2000). Work continued  inter-sessionally, with several SBSTA workshops convened on LULUCF. The IPCC Special Report on LULUCF was formally presented to SBSTA 12.

Parties failed to reach agreement on LULUCF matters at COP 6 in The Hague (November 2000), as part of a package of decisions under the Buenos Aires Plan of Action. Negotiating texts on LULUCF issues were forwarded to a resumed session of COP 6 for further consideration.

At COP 6 part II (Bonn, July 2001), Parties adopted the Bonn Agreement on the implementation of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action, registering political agreement on key issues, including those on LULUCF. The most important issues regarding LULUCF included definitions for all activities under Article 3.3 and 3.4, and rules by which activities under Article 3.4 will operate for the first commitment period. A draft decision text was finalized and later adopted at COP 7 (decision 11/CP.7).

SBSTA 15 (meeting with COP 7) considered issues related to LULUCF; namely "development of good practice guidance and other information for the land use, land-use change and forestry sector" and "issues relating to emissions from forest harvesting and wood products". The SBSTA welcomed the IPCC work programme on LULUCF which was made available to the meeting and invited the IPCC to report periodically on the progress of its work on LULUCF issues. The SBSTA also requested the secretariat to prepare a paper on harvested wood products accounting for consideration at SBSTA 19, and, if necessary, at subsequent sessions. 

Marrakesh Accords and COP 7

Development of LULUCF issues after Marrakesh

COP 9 and SB 18 and 19
A. LULUCF inventory under the Convention 
B. Afforestation and reforestation activities under the CDM
C. Other LULUCF issues

COP 10 and SB 20 and 21
A. Reporting LULUCF activities under the Kyoto Protocol
B. Harvested Wood Products
C. Small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM
D. Other LULUCF issues

COP 11, COP/MOP1 and SB 22 and 23
A. Methodological issues related to LULUCF
    1.   LULUCF reporting under the UNFCCC
    2.   Harvested wood products 
    3.   Adjustments under Art. 5.2 of the Kyoto Protocol of emissions and removals of LULUCF
    4.   Criteria for cases of failure to submit information relating to GHG estimates of LULUCF activities under the Kyoto Protocol

B. Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries

COP 12, COP/MOP2 and SB 24 and 25
A. Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries
B. Numerical value for forest management under Article 3, paragraph 4, of the Kyoto Protocol inscribed for Italy
C. Harwested Wood Products