The COP, by decision 4/CP.24, paragraph 13, requested the Standing Committee on Finance to prepare, every four years, a report on the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement, for consideration by the Conference of Parties, starting at its twenty-sixth session (November 2020), and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement, starting at its third session (November 2020). In paragraph 13 of the same decision, the COP further requested the Standing Committee on Finance to collaborate, as appropriate, with the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, the subsidiary and constituted bodies, multilateral and bilateral channels, and observer organizations.
Previous work related to assessing and determining developing countries' needs and priorities
In its consideration of the fourth review of the financial mechanism, the Subsidiary Body of Implementation, at its 28th session in 2008, requested the secretariat to provide, upon request, information to non-Annex I Parties on the assessment of financing needs to implement mitigation and adaptation measures. In fulfilling the mandate, the secretariat designed and implemented the National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS) for Climate Change Project. The project delivered eleven country study reports, an initial summary report, as well as a synthesis report. Further information on the NEEDs for Climate Change Project is available here.
In addition, by decision 6/CP.23, paragraph 10, the COP requested the secretariat, in collaboration with the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, United Nations agencies and bilateral, regional and other multilateral channels to explore ways and means to assist developing country Parties in assessing their needs and priorities, in a country-driven manner, including technological and capacity-building needs, and in translating climate finance needs into action. Further information is available here.
Furthermore, by decision 18/CMA.1, the CMA adopted modalities, procedures and guidelines (MPGs) for the transparency framework for action and support under the Paris Agreement. These MPGs include the provision on reporting of information on financial, technology development and transfer and capacity-building support needed and received by developing country Parties. Further information can be viewed here.
Initiation of work on determining the needs of developing country Parties
At its 20th meeting, the Standing Committee on Finance initiated deliberations on preparing the first report on the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement. In doing so, it was invited to:
(a) Deliberate on the objectives and scope, possible activities, output(s), structure, and format;
(b) Discuss and reach an agreement on the overall approach for organizing and implementing the work; and
(c) Elect co-facilitators to guide the work on this matter.
An expert meeting on assessing and determining the needs of developing countries will be convened on 10-11 July 2019 in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines. The provisional programme is available here.