Capacity-building: Constituted Bodies and Operating Entities
Adaptation Committee (AC)

The AC provides technical support and guidance to developing countries in two main areas: adaptation action and means of implementation, which encompass finance, technology and capacity-building.

The AC promotes discussion on enhanced action on adaptation prior to 2020 in the context of the technical examination process on Adaptation, and develops information products and tools to increase access by developing countries to technical information on a spectrum of adaptation-related areas.

Selected AC activities  and materials:


CDM Executive Board
The CDM Executive Board provides capacity-building support to a wide range of stakeholders, including designated national authorities (DNAs), to promote the use of the CDM as a tool for monitoring, reporting and verifying emission reductions as well as to monitor sustainable development co-benefits of CDM project activities and programmes of activities. Regional training events on the CDM are offered through the regional collaboration centres (RCCs). The CDM Executive Board also organizes global DNA forums as well as Nairobi Partnership working sessions during the regional carbon forums.

Selected activities:


Consultative Group of Experts (CGE)

The CGE supports Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) in enhancing their capacity to prepare their national communications (NCs) and biennial update reports (BURs).

In addition, the CGE supports experts nominated to the UNFCCC roster of experts to conduct the technical analysis of BURs.

The CGE organizes regional hands-on training workshops, which contribute to enhancing the technical knowledge of experts from non-Annex I Parties and enable the exchange of views, lessons learned and experience relating to the process and preparation of NCs and BURs and to the preparation of national greenhouse gas inventories.

Selected CGE activities, tools and materials:


Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts

To enhance understanding of and promote comprehensive risk management, the Executive Committee undertakes a wide range of awareness-raising, outreach and information-sharing activities.

The Fiji Clearing House for Risk Transfer and its interactive platform RISK TALK, launched at COP 23, bridges the worldwide supply of know-how about risk management and risk transfer and the needs of vulnerable countries and communities.

Selected activities:


Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG)

The LEG provides technical guidance and support to the least developed countries (LDCs) on aspects related to adaptation planning and implementation.

The LEG, including through the support of its national adaptation plan (NAP) technical working group, conducts regional training workshops, which contribute to strengthening the capacity of countries to formulate and implement NAPs, and regional NAP Expos, which provide the opportunity for a wide range of actors and stakeholders to exchange experience on advancing the process to formulate and implement NAPs and to foster partnerships.

The LEG, in collaboration with the Green Climate Fund (GCF) secretariat, also provides technical guidance on accessing funding from the GCF for the process to formulate and implement NAPs.

Selected LEG activities:


Standing Committee on Finance (SCF)
The SCF addresses capacity-building issues in the context of its annual forums on climate finance related issues.

Selected activities:


Technology Executive Committee (TEC) and the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN)

The TEC regularly addresses capacity-building issues, including those related to the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies, to support the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

The CTCN recently established a new capacity-building module to help countries develop a pipeline of concept notes on climate technology implementation. It also organizes through its partner agencies webinars and runs a secondment programme to enhance participants’ understanding of climate technology implementation and knowledge transfer.

The CTCN organizes regional forums to strengthen linkages between CTCN national designated entities and designated national authorities of the Green Climate Fund, and workshops to discuss country priorities and strengthen synergies to accelerate technology transfer at the national level.

At national level, the CTCN runs an Incubator Programme to support LDCs in implementing climate actions, and undertakes capacity-building activities as part of its provision of technical assistance to developing countries that submit requests through their CTCN national designated entities.

The TEC and CTCN also work side by side to strengthen the technology needs assessment (TNA) process by considering how assistance could be provided to Parties to align their TNAs with their process to formulate and implement national climate action plans.

Selected TEC activities and materials:

CTCN capacity-building activities:


UNFCCC Funds - Adaptation Fund (AF)

The AF’s Readiness Programme for Climate Finance aims to help strengthen the capacity of national and regional implementing entities to receive and manage climate financing, particularly through the Fund’s Direct Access modality, and to adapt and build resilience to counter changing climate conditions in sectors ranging from agriculture and food security to coastal zones and urban areas.

The AF also offers technical assistance grants for its national implementing entities (NIEs) to help strengthen their capability to address and manage environmental and social risks and gender considerations.

It also organizes readiness workshops to raise awareness and enable the exchange of information on the Adaptation Fund’s environmental, social and gender policies.

Selected activities:


UNFCCC Funds - Global Environment Facility (GEF)

The majority of the GEF’s climate change mitigation projects address institutional capacity-building, the development of national reports such as NCs and BURs, the enhancement and transfer of technologies and the enhancement of enabling conditions.

In climate change adaptation, GEF projects support institutional development and strengthening, vulnerability and adaptation assessments, the development of national climate change programmes, the implementation of adaptation measures, research and systemic observation through climate information systems, and public awareness and education programmes.

The GEF supports the implementation of Action for Climate Empowerment and the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention, including by providing financial resources to non-Annex I Parties, in particular African States, the least developed countries and small island developing States.

The GEF also established the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) and its Global Coordination Platform, aimed at enabling coordination, maximizing learning opportunities and fostering knowledge-sharing to facilitate transparency enhancements.

The GEF Gender Partnership promotes an enhanced knowledge base on gender, collaboration and learning.

Selected activities:


UNFCCC Funds - Green Climate Fund (GCF)

The GCF, in the context of its Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme, provides financial support to developing countries in UNFCCC-defined priority areas for capacity-building:

  • institutional capacity-building;
  • enhancement and/or creation of an enabling environment;
  • national climate change programmes;
  • vulnerability and adaptation assessment;
  • capacity-building for the implementation of adaptation measures;
  • and education, training and public awareness.

It provides support to its national designated authorities and national focal points to prepare their strategic frameworks, including country programmes, and to develop GCF programme pipelines on mitigation and adaptation.

The GCF supports countries in developing country-specific strategic frameworks for engagement with the GCF, building on existing strategies and plans.

The fund also provides support for the formulation of national adaptation plans and provides guidance to countries on the formulation of adaptation planning and readiness proposals.

The GCF organizes an annual workshop to facilitate the engagement between the GCF secretariat and the accredited direct access entities, build their knowledge base to improve project design, enhance peer-to-peer knowledge exchange, strengthen the capacity of entities and countries, and build partnerships to address climate change.

Selected activities: