Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change

The Nairobi work programme (NWP) provides knowledge support on impacts, vulnerability, and adaptation to climate change as a "knowledge-to-action hub" in collaboration with partners, Parties, and other experts.

The NWP was established at COP11 (2005) through decision 2/CP.11 and named the "Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change" at COP12 in Nairobi (2006). The NWP was adopted as a mechanism under the Convention to facilitate and catalyse the development, dissemination and use of knowledge that would inform and support adaptation policies and practices. Its implementation has been coordinated by the Subsidiary Body for Science and Technological Advice (SBSTA), under the guidance of the Chair of the SBSTA, with assistance from the secretariat, and with contributions from Parties and other adaptation stakeholders.

Through its four main functions and diverse range of modalities, the Nairobi work programme provides unique opportunities for linking relevant institutions, processes, resources and expertise outside the Convention to respond to adaptation knowledge needs identified by Parties, and arising from the implementation of the various workstreams under the Convention.


To assist all Parties, in particular developing countries, including the least developed countries and small island developing States:

  • To improve their understanding and assessment of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, and

  • To make informed decisions on practical adaptation actions and measures to respond to climate change on a sound, scientific, technical and socioeconomic basis, taking into account current and future climate change and variability.

Key Functions
  1. Engaging a growing network of non-Party stakeholders in sharing their experience and expertise;
  2. Capturing and synthesizing the latest information and knowledge on key adaptation issues;
  3. Enhancing the science-policy-practice interface to close the identified knowledge gaps;
  4. Disseminating knowledge and fostering learning to boost adaptation activity by all stakeholders.
Institutional Linkages

The infographic below provides an overview of how the Nairobi work programme supports the Parties and bodies under the Convention. For information on recent activities, please see the latest progress report


The Nairobi work programme works with and through a network of over 350 partner organizations. These organizations include national/public entities, academic and research institutions, private sector entities, non-governmental and civil society organizations, regional centres or networks, and United Nations and affiliated organizations. With extensive experience in a range of relevant thematic areas, these partners help the secretariat under the NWP to identify and bridge adaptation knowledge gaps at the regional, national, subnational, and local level. 

The full database of NWP partners as well as information on how to become an NWP partner is available on the Adaptation knowledge portal. 

The Nairobi work program has over 350 partner organizations working on adaptation across all levels, sectors, and global regions. Sectors, or thematic areas, include human health, agriculture, ecosystems, indigenous and traditional knowledge, gender, water, and human settlements.

The NWP engages in a range of activities in accordance with its mandates (see: decisions and conclusions).The figure below provides an overview of recent activities under the NWP including engagement of a growing network of non-Party stakeholders, synthesis of the latest knowledge on key adaptation issues and fostering science-policy-practice collaboration. More information is available via the links at the bottom and left of the page. For the latest updates, see the NWP newsletter.