Appendix I - Quantified economy-wide emissions targets for 2020

Annex I Parties

Quantified economy-wide emissions targets for 2020

 

Emissions reduction in 2020

Base year

Australia

-5% up to -15% or -25%

Australia will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25% on 2000 levels by 2020 if the world agrees to an ambitious global deal capable of stabilising levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at 450 ppm CO2-eq or lower. Australia will unconditionally reduce our emissions by 5% below 2000 levels by 2020, and by up to 15% by 2020 if there is a global agreement which falls short of securing atmospheric stabilisation at 450 ppm CO2-eq and under which major developing economies commit to substantially restrain emissions and advanced economies take on commitments comparable to Australia's.

2000

Belarus

-5-10% reduction, which is premised on the presence of and access of Belarus to the Kyoto flexible mechanisms, intensification of technology transfer, capacity building and experience enhancement for Belarus taking into consideration the special conditions of the Parties included in Annex I undergoing the process of transition to a market economy, clarity in the use of new LULUCF rules and modalities.

1990

Canada
(Eng.) (Fr.)

17%, to be aligned with the final economy-wide emissions target of the United States in enacted legislation.

17% en vue d'etre aligné avec l'objectif de réduction d'émissions final des Etats-Unis dans la législation en vigueur.

2005

Croatia

-5%

Temporary target for Croatia. Upon the accession of Croatia to the European Union, the Croatian target shall be replaced by arrangement in line with and part of the European Union mitigation effort.

1990

Base year calculated according to decision 7/CP.12

EU and its Member States (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom) acting in common

Communication from Denmark

20%/30%

As part of a global and comprehensive agreement for the period beyond 2012, the EU reiterates its conditional offer to move to a 30% reduction by 2020 compared to 1990 levels, provided that other developed countries commit themselves to comparable emission reductions and that developing countries contribute adequately according to their responsibilities and respective capabilities.

1990

Iceland

30% reduction, in a joint effort with the European Union, as part of a global and comprehensive agreement for the period beyond 2012, provided that other developed countries commit themselves to comparable emissions reductions and that developing countries contribute adequately according to their responsibilities and respective capabilities.

1990

Japan

25% reduction, which is premised on the establishment of a fair and effective international framework in which all major economies participate and on agreement by those economies on ambitious targets.

1990

Kazakhstan

15%

1992

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein commits itself to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 20% below 1990 levels by 2020. If other developed countries agree to comparable reductions and emerging economies contribute according to their respective capabilities and responsibilities within a framework of a binding agreement, Liechtenstein is
prepared to raise its target up to 30%.

1990

Monaco

30%
- Pour atteindre cet objectif de réduction la Principauté de Monaco entend utiliser des mécanismes de flexibilité comme ceux établis par le Protocole de Kyoto et plus particuliérement le Mécanisme pour un Développement Propre.
- La Principauté de Monaco visera à devenir neutre en carbone en 2050 au plus tard et se réserve à ce titre la possibilité de dépasser l'objectif de réduction qu'elle s'est fixée en 2020 à  travers des mécanismes de compensation.

1990

New Zealand

New Zealand is prepared to take on a responsibility target for greenhouse gas emissions reductions of between 10 per cent and 20 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020, if there is a comprehensive global agreement. This means:

  • the global agreement sets the world on a pathway to limit temperature rise to not more than 2° C;
  • developed countries make comparable efforts to those of New Zealand;
  • advanced and major emitting developing countries take action fully commensurate with their respective capabilities;
  • there is an effective set of rules for land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); and
  • there is full recourse to a broad and efficient international carbon market.

1990

Norway

30-40%

As part of a global and comprehensive agreement for the period beyond 2012 where major emitting Parties agree on emissions reductions in line with the 2 degrees Celsius target, Norway will move to a level of 40% reduction for 2020.

1990

Russian Federation
(Rus.) (Eng.)

15-25 %
уровень сокращений будет зависеть от следующих условий:
- надлежащий учет потенциала российских лесов в контексте вклада в выполнение обязательств по сокращению антропогенных эмиссий; и
- принятие юридически значимых обязательств по сокращению антропогенных эмиссий парниковых газов всеми крупнейшими эмитентами.

the range of the GHG emission reductions will depend on the following conditions:
- Appropriate accounting of the potential of Russia's forestry in frame of contribution in meeting the obligations of the anthropogenic emissions reduction;
- Undertaking by all major emitters the legally binding obligations to reduce anthropogenic GHG emissions.

1990

Switzerland
(Eng.) (Fr.)

20% / 30%

As part of a global and comprehensive agreement for the period beyond 2012, Switzerland reiterates its conditional offer to move to a 30% reduction by 2020 compared to the 1990 levels, provided that other developed countries commit themselves to comparable emission reductions and that developing countries contribute adequately according to their responsibilities and respective capabilities.

Dans le cadre d'un accord mondial et complet pour la période au-delai  de 2012, la Suisse reître son offre conditionnelle de réduire ses émissions de 30% en 2020 par rapport au niveau de 1990, si d'autres Etats industrialisés s'engagent eux-mêmes à des réductions comparables de leurs émissions et que les pays en développement fournissent des efforts adéquats en accord avec leurs responsabilités et leurs capacités respectives.

1990

Ukraine

20%

Ukraine associates with Copenhagen Accord under the following conditions:
- To have the agreed position of the developed countries on quantified emissions reduction targets of the Annex I countries;
- To keep the status of Ukraine as a country with economy in transition and relevant preferences arising from such status;
- To keep the existing flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol;
- To keep 1990 as the single base year for calculating Parties commitments;
- To use provisions of Article 3.13 of the Kyoto Protocol for calculation of the quantified emissions reduction of the Annex I countries of the Kyoto Protocol for the relevant commitment period.

1990

United States of America

In the range of 17%, in conformity with anticipated U.S. energy and climate legislation, recognizing that the final target will be reported to the Secretariat in light of enacted legislation.
The pathway set forth in pending legislation would entail a 30% reduction in 2025 and a 42% reduction in 2030, in line with the goal to reduce emissions 83% by 2050.

2005

Currently, not all EU Member States are Annex I Parties

Kazakhstan is a Party included in Annex I for the purposes of the Kyoto Protocol in accordance with Article 1, paragraph 7, of the Protocol, but Kazakhstan is not a Party included in Annex I for the purposes of the Convention