Objectives of the NAP process
The objectives of the NAP process are:
(a) To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience;
(b) To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate (decision 5/CP.17, paragraph 1).
In decision 5/CP.17, paragraph 3, the COP agreed that enhanced action on adaptation should:
- Be undertaken in accordance with the Convention;
- Follow a country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and fully transparent approach, taking into consideration vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems;
- Be based on and guided by the best available science and, as appropriate, traditional and indigenous knowledge, and by gender-sensitive approaches, with a view to integrating adaptation into relevant social, economic and environmental policies and actions, where appropriate;
- Not be prescriptive, nor result in the duplication of efforts undertaken in-country, but facilitate country-owned, country-driven action.
Initial guidelines for the formulation of NAPs were adopted at COP 17 and are contained in the annex to decision 5/CP.17. The initial guidelines contain a list of indicative activities that can be undertaken in the development of NAPs under the following four elements:
A. Laying the groundwork and addressing gaps;
B. Preparatory elements;
C. Implementation strategies;
D. Reporting, monitoring and review.
Information on the technical guidelines for the NAP process, which have been prepared by the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG), can be found in the section on guidelines.
Modalities of support
The NAP process for LDC Parties will be supported through various modalities. Developing country Parties which are not LDC Parties are invited to employ the modalities in the elaboration of their own planning efforts.
COP 17 decided on the following modalities to support the NAP process:
(a) Technical guidelines for the national adaptation plans;
(b) Workshops and expert meetings;
(c) Training activities;
(d) Regional exchanges;
(e) Syntheses of experiences, best practices and lessons learned;
(f) Technical papers;
(g) Technical advice.
The Adaptation Committee, in accordance with its agreed functions, is developing the relevant modalities for supporting interested developing countries that are not LDC Parties to plan, prioritize and implement their national adaptation planning measures, including through the use of the modalities for the NAP process.
Financial support for the formulation of NAPs
A number of financial support channels will be available for the NAP process, including bilateral and multilateral channels.
The COP has provided guidance to the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to enable activities for the preparation of the NAP process by the LDC Parties through the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). It has also requested the GEF, through the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), to consider how to enable activities for the preparation of the NAP process for interested developing country Parties that are not LDC Parties.
In Paris in 2015, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) was requested to expedite support for the formulation of NAPs and the implementation of programmes, projects and policies identified in the NAPs in developing country Parties. Through the GCF Board decision B.13/09, paragraph (e), the GCF provides financial support for the formulation of NAPs through its Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme.