The Conference of the Parties (COP) serves as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. This is referred to as the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP).
The CMP meets annually during the same period as the COP. Parties to the Convention that are not Parties to the Protocol are able to participate in the CMP as observers, but without the right to take decisions. The functions of the CMP relating to the Protocol are similar to those carried out by the COP for the Convention.
The first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol was held in Montreal, Canada in December 2005, in conjunction with the eleventh session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11).
Decisions were adopted that outline the path to future international action on climate change. The Parties to the Kyoto Protocol also formally adopted the rulebook of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, the so-called Marrakesh accords, which sets the framework for implementation of the Protocol.
The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI)
These two permanent subsidiary bodies established under the Convention also serve the CMP.
The Bureau of the COP also serves the CMP. However, any member of the COP Bureau representing a non-Party to the Kyoto Protocol has to be replaced by a member representing a Kyoto Protocol Party.
Constituted Bodies under the Kyoto Protocol
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Executive Board
The CDM Executive Board supervises the CDM under the Kyoto Protocol and prepares decisions for the CMP. It undertakes a variety of tasks relating to the day-to-day operation of the CDM, including the accreditation of operational entities.
Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee
The Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC), under the authority and guidance of the CMP, inter alia, supervises the verification of emission reduction units (ERUs) generated by JI projects following the verification procedure under the JISC.
The compliance regime consists of a Compliance Committee made up of two branches: a Facilitative Branch and an Enforcement Branch.