Hosting a climate COP is a significant political, financial and logistical commitment. The opportunity to serve as a host rotates every year among the five regional groups. It is the turn of the Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries (GRULAC) to host the 2019 conference.
The UNFCCC secretariat had received a letter from GRULAC presenting the offer of Brazil to host next year’s conference (COP25); this offer would have been presented to and be accepted by the Parties at COP24 in Katowice. In the meantime, it was recently announced that Brazil is withdrawing this offer.
The next step will be for the GRULAC members to discuss among themselves whether another country in the region will offer to host COP25. If no such offer from GRULAC or any other regional group is forthcoming, the 2019 conference would be held at the seat of the UNFCCC secretariat as per Rule 3 of the Draft Rules of Procedure of the Conference of the Parties and its Subsidiary Bodies.