Kyoto Protocol base year data (for the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol)

Base year emissions, under the Kyoto Protocol, are defined as the aggregate anthropogenic carbon dioxide equivalent emissions of the GHGs listed in  Annex A sources in a historical base year. For most Annex I Parties, the historical base year is 1990 but Parties included in Annex I undergoing the process of transition to a market economy may choose a year or period other than 19901, in accordance with Article 3, paragraph 52. Annex I Parties may choose to use 1995 as the base year for total emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride (F-gases), in accordance with Article 3, paragraph 8.

If the land use, land-use change and forestry sector constituted a net source of greenhouse gas emissions in the base year or period, then net emissions from the part relating to the conversion of forests (deforestation) will be included in the total national emissions for that year or period.

The table below provides, for Annex I Parties included in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol:

  1. Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment expressed as per cent of the base year or period;
  2. Base year for CO2, CH4 and N2O;
  3. Selection of the base year for F-gases;
  4. Base year level of total national emissions as determined by the initial review, expressed in tonnes CO2 equivalent;
  5. Source of information on the base year and base year emissions level.

Party

Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment (percentage of base year or period level)

Base year for CO2, CH4 and N2O

Base year for F-gases

Base year level of total national emissions as determined by the initial review (t CO2 equivalent)

Source of base year data (initial review reports)

Australia

108.0

1990

1990

547,699,841

FCCC/IRR/2007/AUS

Austria

87.0

1990

1990

79,049,657

FCCC/IRR/2007/AUT

Belarus*a

92.0

 

1995

 

 

Belgium

92.5

1990

1995

145,728,763

FCCC/IRR/2007/BEL

Bulgaria*

92.0

1988

1995

132,618,658

FCCC/IRR/2007/BGR

Canada

94.0

1990

1990

593,998,462

FCCC/IRR/2007/CAN

Croatia

95.0

1990

1990

31,321,790

FCCC/IRR/2008/HRV

Czech Republic*

92.0

1990

1995

194,248,218

FCCC/IRR/2007/CZE

Denmark

79.0

1990

1995

69,978,070

FCCC/IRR/2007/DNK

Estonia*

92.0

1990

1995

42,622,312

FCCC/IRR/2007/EST

European Union

92.0

1990

1990 or 1995

4,265,517,719

FCCC/IRR/2007/EC

Finland

100.0

1990

1995

71,003,509

FCCC/IRR/2007/FIN

France

100.0

1990

1990

563,925,328

FCCC/IRR/2007/FRA

Germany

79.0

1990

1995

1,232,429,543

FCCC/IRR/2007/DEU

Greece

125.0

1990

1995

106,987,169

FCCC/IRR/2007/GRC

Hungary*

94.0

1985-87

1995

115,397,149

FCCC/IRR/2007/HUN

Iceland

110.0

1990

1990

3,367,972

FCCC/IRR/2007/ISL

Ireland

113.0

1990

1995

55,607,836

FCCC/IRR/2007/IRL

Italy

93.5

1990

1990

516,850,887

FCCC/IRR/2007/ITA

Japan

94.0

1990

1995

1,261,331,418

FCCC/IRR/2007/JPN

Latvia*

92.0

1990

1995

25,909,159

FCCC/IRR/2007/LVA

Liechtenstein

92.0

1990

1990

229,483

FCCC/IRR/2007/LIE

Lithuania*

92.0

1990

1995

49,414,386

FCCC/IRR/2007/LTU

Luxembourg

72.0

1990

1995

13,167,499

FCCC/IRR/2007/LUX

Monaco

92.0

1990

1995

107,658

FCCC/IRR/2007/MCO

Netherlands

94.0

1990

1995

213,034,498

FCCC/IRR/2007/NLD

New Zealand

100.0

1990

1990

61,912,947

FCCC/IRR/2007/NZL

Norway

101.0

1990

1990

49,619,168

FCCC/IRR/2007/NOR

Poland*

94.0

1988

1995

563,442,774

FCCC/IRR/2007/POL

Portugal

127.0

1990

1995

60,147,642

FCCC/IRR/2007/PRT

Romania*

92.0

1989

1989

278,225,022

FCCC/IRR/2007/ROU

Russian Federation*

100.0

1990

1995

3,323,419,064

FCCC/IRR/2007/RUS

Slovakia*

92.0

1990

1990

72,050,764

FCCC/IRR/2007/SVK

Slovenia*

92.0

1986

1995

20,354,042

FCCC/IRR/2007/SVN

Spain

115.0

1990

1995

289,773,205

FCCC/IRR/2007/ESP

Sweden

104.0

1990

1995

72,151,646

FCCC/IRR/2007/SWE

Switzerland

92.0

1990

1990

52,790,957

FCCC/IRR/2007/CHE

Ukraine*

100.0

1990

1990

920,836,933

FCCC/IRR/2007/UKR

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

87.5

1990

1995

779,904,144

FCCC/IRR/2007/GBR

Notes: (1) The base year data are as determined during the initial review process. (2) Targets under the "burden-sharing" agreement of the European Community are shown in italics.
* A Party undergoing the process of transition to a market economy (an EIT Party).
a The amendment to the Kyoto Protocol with an emission reduction target for Belarus adopted by decision 10/CMP.2 has not entered into force yet.