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Gender and Climate Change
Photo: Momentum for Change - Carbon for Water                             Photo: Momentum for Change - Bhungroo

What is the connection and why is Gender and Climate Change important?

Climate change has a greater impact on those sections of the population, in all countries, that are most reliant on natural resources for their livelihoods and/or who have the least capacity to respond to natural hazards, such as droughts, landslides, floods and hurricanes. Women commonly face higher risks and greater burdens from the impacts of climate change in situations of poverty, and the majority of the world’s poor are women. Women’s unequal participation in decision-making processes and labour markets compound inequalities and often prevent women from fully contributing to climate-related planning, policy-making and implementation.

Yet, women can (and do) play a critical role in response to climate change due to their local knowledge of and leadership in e.g. sustainable resource management and/or leading sustainable practices at the household and community level. Women’s participation at the political level has resulted in greater responsiveness to citizen’s needs, often increasing cooperation across party and ethnic lines and delivering more sustainable peace. At the local level, women’s inclusion at the leadership level has lead to improved outcomes of climate related projects and policies. On the contrary, if policies or projects are implemented without women’s meaningful participation it can increase existing inequalities and decrease effectiveness.

Parties to the UNFCCC have recognized the importance of involving women and men equally in UNFCCC processes and in the development and implementation of national climate policies that are gender-responsive by establishing a dedicated agenda item under the Convention addressing issues of gender and climate change and by including overarching text in the Paris Agreement  more>>

Latest Information

At COP 22 and SBI 45 in Marrakech, Parties will continue their consideration of issues under the Gender and Climate Change agenda item (SBI Agenda Item 16 / COP Agenda item 15). Documents to be considered include a Workshop Report the 2016 Gender Composition Report and a Miscellaneous document more>>

Gender and Women Events at
COP 22 / CMP 12

Events related to gender and women in climate change action will be held throughout the two weeks of the COP. Gender Day will be held on Tuesday, 15 November at COP 22 / CMP 12 more>>

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Background information

Since 2012, Parties to the UNFCCC have considered ‘gender and climate change’ as a stand-alone agenda item under the Conference of the Parties (COP) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) more>>

Knowledge sources

Gender Team