The mechanisms in the current negotiations:
Clean development mechanism
The first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 1) adopted the modalities and
procedures for a clean development mechanism (CDM). Pursuant to that decision, the first review
of the modalities and procedures for the CDM, was to be carried out by CMP 9.
requested the UNFCCC secretariat, drawing on the discussions that took place at the thirty-ninth
session of the Subsidiary Body of Implementation (SBI 39), and that were reflected in
a note by the co-chairs, to prepare a technical paper
on issues relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM, including their
implications, for consideration at SBI 40 (see decision 4/CMP.9,
At SBI 40, Parties made progress in their consideration as captured in the second note by the co-chairs, but could not come to conclusions on this agenda item. At
SBI 41 Parties convened their
consideration of this matter and concluded (
FCCC/SBI/2014/L.35) to continue considering this matter. At SBI42. the consultations among
Parties did not result in any conclusions and this matter will be considered at SBI43.
At SBI43 Parties continued their consideration of
this matter and concluded (FCCC/SBI/2015/L.28)
to continue considering this matter taking into account the priorities of Parties with regard to this
matter at SBI 44.
Background documents listed above:
procedures for the CDM (decision 3/CMP.1)
Technical paper on
issues relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM
Second note by the co-chairs (2014)
Other related documents:
- Submissions by Parties (2013 and
2014) and Observer
Review of the joint implementation guidelines
CMP 1 adopted the guidelines for the implementation of Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol (joint
In accordance with decision 6/CMP.8, SBI 39 (Nov. 2013) initiated the review of these guidelines and agreed to
continue its consideration of this matter at SBI 40 (June 2014). At SBI 40 and SBI 41, Parties
continued considering this matter.
At SBI 42, Parties considered the following documentation, as requested by CMP 10, through its
5/CMP.10, and agreed to continue considering this matter at SBI 43 (Dec. 2015):
- A technical
paper on the opportunities for cost savings and efficiencies for JI, learning from the
experiences of the CDM, while recognizing the respective mandates of the two mechanisms;
synthesis report of submissions from Parties on examples of voluntary technical
approaches, designed by host Parties for their JI projects, that could assist the host Parties in
achieving their quantified emission limitation or reduction commitments under the Kyoto Protocol;
recommendations on the review of the JI guidelines by the Joint Implementation Supervisory
At SBI 43, Parties considered the above documentation and agreed to continue discussing this matter
at SBI 44 (May 2016), on the basis of the draft decision text and its appendix proposed by the
co-chairs of the informal consultations on this agenda sub-item and contained in the annex to
CMP 11, through its decision
7/CMP.11, requested the JISC to submit recommendations
for consideration by SBI 44 on actions that would be necessary to implement the draft JI modalities
and procedures, including changes to:
- The rules of procedure of the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee as adopted by decision
- Provisions under other decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the
Parties to the Kyoto Protocol relating to joint implementation.
CMP 11 also requested the JISC to submit recommendations
for consideration by SBI 44 in the context of the review of JI guidelines, inter alia, on options to
- Concerns raised by stakeholders;
- Validation by an accredited independent entity of post-registration changes.
At SBI 44, Parties concluded their consideration of the review of the JI guidelines. The work that
has been undertaken by the SBI is recorded in the annex of the document
The SBI recommended a
draft decision on this matter for consideration and adoption by CMP 12.
Synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol
CMP 9 requested the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) to submit elaborated
recommendations on the JI accreditation system aligned with that of the CDM, taking into
consideration decision 6/CMP.8, paragraph 15(b), for consideration by SBI 40.
SBI 40 considered the synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms established under
Articles 6 (JI) and 12 (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, taking note of the recommendation from
the JISC, and recommended a draft decision on this matter for consideration and adoption at CMP 10.