Technology Needs Assessment

Pathways for climate tech implementation


While the technology needs assessment (TNA) process has multiple aims, the principle objective is to support developing countries to enhance the implementation of climate technology projects and programmes. It is only through enhanced action on the ground that we can hold the rise in global temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius and as close as possible to 1.5 degrees. Furthermore, the technology needs assessment process also aims to support countries to strengthen resilience to the adverse effects of climate change.

Read about the latest TNA success stories in this brochure. The brochure highlights projects that developing countries have recently implemented, based on outcomes of the TNA. 


Since 1999, more than 80 developing countries have assessed their technology needs for reducing greenhouse gases and adapting to climate change. To capture key trends and issues encountered by participating countries, the secretariat has published three synthesis reports on technology needs assessments (TNAs). These synthesis reports highlight trends in technology prioritization, common issues that countries need support to address, and common solutions that countries have identified. 

Below are the findings from the third synthesis report on technology needs assessments, which the secretariat prepared in 2013.  This document synthesized the TNA reports submitted in 2013 by 31 developing countries. Find all TNA reports here.

Stakeholder Engagement

Almost all Parties carried out their TNA process with the help of a national ministry. All 31 countries involved stakeholders in the TNA process, particularly through workshops and expert consultations.Involvement of stakeholders

National priorities for mitigation and adaptation 

For mitigation, almost all of the Parties prioritized the energy sector, energy industries and transport being the most prioritized subsectors. As for adaptation, the agriculture and water sectors were the most prioritized. 

Prioritized technologies

For mitigation, the majority of the technologies prioritized for the energy industries subsector were related to electricity generation. Solar photovoltaic and biomass/biogas electricity generation technologies were the most prioritized technologies, followed by efficient lighting, waste to energy, wind turbines and hydropower. 

For adaptation, the majority of the technologies prioritized for the agriculture sector were related to crop management. Biotechnologies, including technologies related to crop improvement, new varieties and drought-resistant, salient-tolerant and short-maturing varieties, were the most prioritized technologies. 

Barriers and enablers

For mitigation, the most commonly reported barriers to the development and transfer of the prioritized technologies were economic and financial, and technical barriers. Within the first barrier classification (economic and financial), most of the Parties identified inappropriate financial incentives and disincentives as the main barrier. In the technical barriers, many countries identified system constraints and inadequate standards, codes and certification as the main barriers. 

The most commonly mentioned enabler was the measure to provide or expand financial incentives for the implementation and use of the prioritized technology. 

For adaptation, almost all countries identified the following types of barriers to the development and transfer of the prioritized technologies: economic and financial; policy, legal and regulatory; institutional and organizational capacity; and technical. Within the first two lack of or inadequate access to financial resources and insufficient legal and regulatory framework were commonly identified. 

The most commonly mentioned enabler was the measure to increase the financial resources available for the technology, by introducing or increasing the allocation for the technology in the national budget or by identifying and creating financial schemes, funds, mechanisms or policies. 

Budgets for technology action plans

A TAP is a concise plan for the uptake and diffusion of prioritized technologies that will contribute to the country‚Äôs social, environmental and economic development and climate change mitigation and adaptation. In their TNAs, countries prepared TAPs for climate technology implementation. For mitigation, the total estimated budget needed by Parties for their TAPs was USD 5.2 billion. For adaptation, the total estimated accumulative budget requirement was USD 2.4 billion. Find out more about the TAPs. 

Project ideas

As part of their TNAs, many countries also developed climate technology project ideas as concrete actions for the implementation of their prioritized technologies. Most of the project ideas for mitigation were in the energy sub-sectors of energy industries and transport. Ideas within the sectors of agriculture and water formed the majority of adaptation projects. The estimated total budget required for more than 250 project ideas identified by Parties amounted to approximately USD 24.7 billion. Search for descriptions of project ideas here.