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Technology needs assessments

Technology needs assessments (TNAs)

•  Are a set of country-driven activities that identify and determine the climate technology priorities of developing countries

•  Involve stakeholders in a consultative process to identify barriers to technology transfer and measures to address these barriers

•  May address soft and hard climate technologies, identify regulatory options, develop financial incentives and build capacity

Current Work

In 2015-2016, 25 developing countries will conduct their TNAs and prepare technology action plans (TAPs) and project ideas. They receive financial and technical support for their TNAs through Phase II of the global TNA project, which is being implemented by UNEP and UNEP DTU. The GEF is supporting this project through the Poznan strategic programme on technology transfer. 

Concluded in 2013, Phase I of the global TNA project provided targeted financial and technical support to 36 developing countries to undertake TNAs and prepare TAPs and project ideas. This project was supported by the GEF and implemented by UNEP and UNEP DTU. More>>


The purpose of TNAs is to assist developing countries to identify and analyse their priority technology needs, which can be the basis for a portfolio of environmentally sustainable technology (EST) projects and programmes. This may facilitate the transfer and access to ESTs and know-how.


Collaboration between the GEF, UNDP, UNEP, UNEP DTU, CTI, EGTT and the UNFCCC secretariat has resulted in financial and technical support to assist developing countries to conduct TNAs. The secretariat has published three synthesis reports on technology needs identified by non-Annex I Parties. These reports highlight priority technology needs identified to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change. They also highlight specific barriers to technology transfer and measures to address them.

In the recently completed TNAs, developing countries also prepared TAPs and project ideas. A TAP is an action plan containing a group of measures which address identified barriers to the development and transfer of a prioritized technology. In the TNA context, project ideas are concrete actions to implement prioritized technologies.

At COP 16, Parties established the Technology Mechanism, consisting of the Technology Executive Committee (TEC) and the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN). Parties decided that the TEC shall further implement the technology transfer framework, including work on TNAs. COP 16 also noted that the CTCN, at a developing country's request, may provide advice and support related to the identification of technology needs.


ActivitiesResults and products
•  TEC 7 held an in-session workshop on TNAs

•  EGTT, GEF, UNDP, UNEP, CTI and UNFCCC secretariat collaborated to provide financial and technical support to assist developing countries to conduct TNAs

•  EGTT, CTI, UNDP, UNEP and UNFCCC secretariat held three regional workshops on conducting TNAs

•  EGTT assisted UNFCCC secretariat to organize a regional workshop for the Caribbean on TNAs and technology information

•  EGTT, GEF, UNDP, UNEP, CTI and UNFCCC secretariat collaborated to improve quality of TNA process and TNA reporting, and facilitate implementation of TNA results

•  GEF has provided funding to more than 80 developing countries to conduct TNAs

•  78 developing countries have completed TNAs

•  UNFCCC secretariat has prepared three synthesis reports on technology needs identified by developing countries

•  Developing countries now include TAPs and project ideas in their TNAs

•  UNDP and GEF have produced a handbook on conducting TNAs

•  Expert meetings and workshops on TNAs

•  TEC Brief: Results and success factors of TNAs

•  TEC Brief: Possible integration of the TNA process with the NAMA and NAP processes

•  TNA flyer: What are the technology needs of developing countries?