Advancing the Durban Platform
Establishment of an Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action
Since the beginning of the Convention, various ad hoc working groups have considered how to enhance climate technology development and transfer.
|Technology under the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform on Enhanced Action (ADP)|
In Durban, COP 17 established the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP). The ADP has the mandate of developing a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties. This is to be completed by no later than 2015 and to come into effect and be implemented from 2020. The ADP also has a workplan on enhancing mitigation ambition to identify and explore options for a range of actions that can close the ambition gap. This is undertaken with the view to ensure the highest possible mitigation efforts by all Parties. At its first session, in 2012, the ADP initiated its work under two workstreams: Workstream 1, on matters related to paragraphs 2 to 6 of decision 1/CP.17 (referred to as the 2015 agreement); and Workstream 2, on matters related to paragraphs 7 and 8 of the same decision (referred to as pre-2020 ambition).
Workstream 1: The 2015 agreement
Technology development and transfer is one of the key elements that Parties are considering in the development of the 2015 agreement, along with mitigation, adaptation, finance, transparency of action and support, and capacity-building. COP 20 acknowledged the ADP's progress in the elaboration of the elements for a draft negotiating text of the 2015 agreement (contained in the annex to the decision Lima call for climate action) and decided that the ADP will intensify its work with a view to making available a negotiating text before May 2015. At its session in February 2015 (ADP 2.8), the ADP finalized a negotiating text for the 2015 agreement, referred to as the Geneva negotiating text (FCCC/ADP/2015/1). This text was officially communicated to all Parties in the six UN languages on 19 March 2015. At the end of its session in June 2015 (ADP 2.9), the ADP prepared a streamlined and consolidated text (based on the Geneva negotiating text), which holds no status and is simply a tool to assist Parties to fulfill the ADP mandate successfully.
Workstream 2: Pre-2020 ambition
Technology development and transfer is also central to Workstream 2, as it can play a crucial role in enhancing pre-2020 ambition. In considering this workstream, COP 20 called for the intensification of pre-2020 mitigation efforts by Parties. The COP also decided to continue the technical examination of opportunities with high mitigation potential, including associated adaptation, health and sustainable development co-benefits, during 2015-2020. The technical examination process consists of regular in-session thematic technical expert meetings (TEMs) and focused follow-up work which is conducted by Parties, international organizations and UNFCCC institutions throughout the year. Successful outcomes of this process are policy options for Parties to overcome barriers and address their needs for support, with the objective of turning mitigation potential into transformational action on the ground, in the period before 2020.
|Technology under the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA)|
In Bali, COP 13 launched a comprehensive process to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action up to and beyond 2012. This process addressed, inter alia, how to enhance action on technology development and transfer to support climate action. The complete overview of the AWG-LCA process can be found here. As an outcome of the AWG-LCA process, COP 16 established the Technology Mechanism, consisting of the TEC and the CTCN.