COP 9, SB 18 and 19
A. LULUCF inventory under the Convention
COP 9 (Milan, December 2003) adopted two important decisions on LULUCF. The first one, decision 13/CP.9, welcomed the report of the IPCC entitled Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF (GPG LULUCF) and decided that Parties should use this report for preparing and reporting annual greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the LULUCF sector under the Convention due in 2005 and beyond. At the time, this decision excluded guidance relating to the preparation and reporting of GHG inventories for the LULUCF sector under the context of the Kyoto Protocol, a matter subsequently taken up at a later session (see below). The GPG LULUCF divided the reporting of LULUCF under the Convention into six land categories, including:
A new common reporting format was also adopted with this decision. Reporting categories are divided into greenhouse gases and land uses. The land categories are divided into lands remaining in the same land use category (for example, forest lands that remain as such) and lands converted into another land use category (for example, forest lands converted into croplands) during the inventory period.
The secretariat incorporated these tables of the common reporting format for LULUCF and relevant technical modifications in the UNFCCC guidelines on annual inventories (FCCC/SBSTA/2004/8). A new version of the CRF Reporter which includes the LULUCF tables based on the guidelines adopted in decision 13/CP.9 has been made available to Annex I Parties to facilitate inventory submissions in 2006.
As stated above, guidance for reporting LULUCF did not include any related to the Kyoto Protocol. Parties needed some time to further consider the IPCC Good Practice Guidance LULUCF Report and decided to postpone a decision on this matter until COP 10. At SBSTA 19 (Milan, December 2003) Parties considered the information contained in document FCCC/SBSTA/2003/INF.11 on a draft common reporting format (CRF) for LULUCF under the Kyoto Protocol. Following submissions by Parties (FCCC/SBSTA/2004/MISC.1), these draft tables of the CRF for LULUCF activities under the Kyoto Protocol were updated to facilitate further consideration of this topic at SBSTA 20.
B. Afforestation and reforestation activities under the CDM
The second decision is decision 19/CP.9, by which the COP adopted modalities and procedures for afforestation and reforestation activities under the CDM (refer to section on Afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM and main section on Kyoto Mechanisms). Initiated at SBSTA 16, Parties addressed and resolved a number of issues, namely, non-permanence, baselines, additionality and leakage, and socio-economic and environmental impacts including impacts on biodiversity and natural ecosystems through this decision.
Aside from the adopted modalities and procedures, the COP requested the SBSTA to develop simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale afforestation and reforestation projects under the CDM and recommend a draft decision for adoption by COP 10.
C. Other LULUCF issues
SBSTA 19 also welcomed the report by the IPCC entitled Definitions and Methodological Options to Inventory Emissions from Direct Human-Induced Degradation of Forests and Devegetation of Other Vegetation Types and decided to further consider the information in this report at its twentieth session. Initial views by Parties on this report including on possible definitions to account for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions resulting from direct human-induced degradation and devegetation activities, which could be used in the context of the Kyoto Protocol, are contained in FCCC/SBSTA/2004/MISC.5. SBSTA 20 recognized the importance of the information contained in this IPCC report to its work and decided to consider these issues at a future session.
In addition, SBSTA 19 considered the item on harvested wood products. The SBSTA took note of the information contained in the technical paper, FCCC/TP/2003/7 and Corr.1, as well as the appendix on methodologies relating to harvested wood products in the IPCC GPG LULUCF. At this session, the SBSTA also requested the secretariat to organize a workshop on harvested wood products prior to SBSTA 21.