COP 12, COP/MOP 2, SB 24 and 25
A. Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries
At SBSTA 24 (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/5, paragraphs 50-55), Parties initiated consideration of the information related to this item contained in the submissions from Parties (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/MISC.5 and Add.1) and in the submissions by accredited observers posted on the UNFCCC website.
Parties also accomplished an important task by agreeing on the scope of the first workshop on this item. The workshop was held from 30 August - 1 September 2006 in Rome, Italy. It provided further opportunity for Parties to share experiences and consider relevant aspects relating to reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries. The scope of the workshop consisted of two main aspects:
scientific, socio-economic, technical and methodological issues; and
policy approaches and positive incentives to reduce emissions from deforestation in developing countries.
The workshop considered specific topics under each of these aspects (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/5 (paragraphs 52 (a) - (b)). In addition, the workshop identified possible links between relevant scientific, socio-economic, technical and methodological issues and policy approaches and positive incentives that may arise (paragraph 52 (c)).
To facilitate discussions at the workshop, the secretariat prepared a background paper on the topics related to these two main aspects of the scope, with a synthesis of relevant information in national communications and the submissions by Parties and accredited observers on this item.
The SBSTA decided to continue consideration of relevant scientific, technical and methodological issues and the exchange of relevant information and experiences, including policy approaches and positive incentives, at its twenty-fifth session (November 2006), taking into account the outcome of the workshop and the submissions from Parties.
At SBSTA 25 (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/11, paragraphs 85-92), Parties requested the secretariat to organize a second workshop on this issue before its twenty-sixth session (May 2007). It decided to continue discussing the range of topics considered at the first workshop, including the submissions by Parties and accredited observers, at the second workshop, that will focus on: the discussions of ongoing and potential policy approaches and positive incentives, and technical and methodological requirements related to their implementation; assessment of results and their reliability; and improving the understanding of reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries.
To facilitate discussions at the second workshop, the SBSTA invited Parties and accredited observers to submit to the secretariat, by 23 February 2007, their views on the topics of the second workshop, referred to above. In addition, in their submissions, Parties were invited to consider, as appropriate, relevant provisions of other conventions (CBD, UNCCD, Ramsar) and the work of multilateral organizations (UNFF, ITTO and the WTO). The secretariat also compiled these submissions (contained in document FCCC/SBSTA/2007/MISC.2 and Add.1.) for consideration by the SBSTA at its twenty-sixth session.
B. The numerical value for forest management under Article 3, paragraph 4, of the Kyoto Protocol inscribed for Italy (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/5 (paragraphs 104-106)
The government of Italy requested the Conference of Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP), at its first session, to reconsider the numerical value for forest management under Article 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol inscribed for Italy in the appendix to the annex to 16/CMP.1, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 12 of the annex to that decision. The COP/MOP requested the SBSTA to consider this issue.
In response, the SBSTA, at its twenty-fourth session, took into account the country-specific data on forest management activity under Article 3.4 submitted by Italy (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/MISC.1) in considering this request. In its provision of country-specific data taken from its 2005 National Inventory Report (which has been subjected to a technical review under the UNFCCC inventory review guidelines), Italy requested for a new numerical value of 2.78 Mt C/year.
C. Harvested Wood Products (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/5, paragraphs 65-70)
At the request of some Parties during the SBSTA plenary, the planned consultations for the agenda item on harvested wood products was merged with the consultations for the agenda item on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories.
At this session, SBSTA invited Parties in a position to do so to voluntarily report on harvested wood products in their national inventories in a manner consistent with current UNFCCC reporting guidelines.
The SBSTA agreed to return to the consideration of this item at its twenty-sixth session (May 2007) under two separate context:
to discuss reporting of harvested wood products in the context of its consideration of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines (paragraph 69); and
to also consider other issues associated with harvest wood products (paragraph 70).