Land Use, Land-use, Change and Forestry

Recent developments

The secretariat incorporated these tables of the common reporting format for LULUCF and relevant technical modifications in the UNFCCC guidelines on annual inventories (FCCC/SBSTA/2004/8). A new version of the CRF Reporter which includes the LULUCF tables based on the guidelines adopted in decision 13/CP.9 has been made available to Annex I Parties to facilitate inventory submissions in 2006.

As stated above, guidance for reporting LULUCF did not include any related to the Kyoto Protocol. Parties needed some time to further consider the IPCC report and decided to postpone a decision on this matter until COP 10. At SBSTA 19, Parties considered the information contained in document FCCC/SBSTA/2003/INF.11 on a draft common reporting format (CRF) for LULUCF under the Kyoto Protocol. Following submissions by Parties (FCCC/SBSTA/2004/MISC.1), these draft tables of the CRF for LULUCF activities under the Kyoto Protocol were updated to facilitate further consideration of this topic at SBSTA 20.

A. Afforestation and reforestation activities under the CDM

The second decision is decision 19/CP.9, by which the COP adopted modalities and procedures for afforestation and reforestation activities under the CDM (refer to Kyoto Mechanisms). Aside from the adopted modalities and procedures, the COP requested the SBSTA to develop simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale afforestation and reforestation projects under the CDM and recommended a draft decision for adoption by COP 10.

B. Other LULUCF issues

SBSTA 19 also welcomed the report by the IPCC entitled Definitions and Methodological Options to Inventory Emissions from Direct Human-Induced Degradation of Forests and Devegetation of Other Vegetation Types and decided to further consider the information in this report at its twentieth session. Parties submitted initial views on this report, including on possible definitions to account for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions resulting from direct human-induced degradation and devegetation activities, which could be used in the context of the Kyoto Protocol, as contained in FCCC/SBSTA/2004/MISC.5. SBSTA 20 took note of the submissions by Parties and recognized the importance of the information contained in the IPCC report to its work and decided to consider these issues at a future session.

In addition, SBSTA 19 considered the item on harvested wood products. The SBSTA took note of the information contained in the technical paper, FCCC/TP/2003/7 and Corr.1, as well as the appendix on methodologies relating to harvested wood products in the IPCC GPG LULUCF. At this session, the SBSTA also requested the secretariat to organize a workshop on harvested wood products prior to SBSTA 21.

2004 sessional period (SB 20/SB 21/COP 10)

A. Reporting LULUCF activities under the Kyoto Protocol

SBSTA 20 considered and elaborated the updated draft tables of the CRF for LULUCF activities under the Kyoto Protocol (FCCC/SBSTA/2004/INF.1), taking into account the submissions by Parties, as contained in FCCC/SBSTA/2004/MISC.1. However, the SBSTA did not conclude its consideration of the CRF tables at this session and decided to consider the issues at its twenty-first session.

SBSTA 21 finalized the elaboration of the tables for the CRF for LULUCF activities under the Kyoto Protocol and recommended a draft decision, including a draft decision to be forwarded to the Conference of Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP) at its first session, for adoption by COP 10.

The decision on “Good practice guidance for land use, land-use change and forestry activities under Article 3, paragraphs 3 and 4, of the Kyoto Protocol” (decision 15/CP.10) was adopted by the COP at its tenth session. The decision encourages Annex I Parties that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol to submit in 2007, on a voluntary basis, estimates of GHG from activities under Articles 3.3 and 3.4, using the tables of the CRF as well as follow the guidance on supplementary information on these LULUCF activities contained in this decision. Following, Parties are invited to submit their views on these tables of the CRF and accounts of their experiences on the use of these tables. The secretariat is, at this time, developing a provisional module for these tables of the CRF to facilitate the reporting by Parties in 2007.

B. Harvested wood products

The workshop on harvested wood products (HWP) took place in Lillehammer, Norway from 30 August to 1 September 2004. Fifty-nine representatives of Parties and organizations attended the workshop. Discussions covered definitions and scope, and methods for estimating and reporting emissions and removals from HWP and approaches for accounting and their implications. A workshop report, FCCC/SBSTA/2004/INF.11, prepared by the secretariat, was considered by the SBSTA at its twenty-first session.

At the same session, the SBSTA noted the need to further analyse the socio-economic and environmental implications, impacts on forest carbon stocks and emissions in Annex I and non-Annex I Parties, impacts on sustainable forest management, and impacts on trade, of reporting GHG emissions resulting from the production, use and disposal of HWP, including those arising from the application of the accounting approaches.

C. Small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM

SBSTA 20 considered a technical paper prepared by the secretariat (FCCC/TP/2004/2) on this issue and advanced in the elaboration of an annex. SBSTA 21 continued to consider small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities, including a proposal for a draft decision on simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the clean development mechanism and measures to facilitate their implementation (FCCC/SBSTA/2004/INF.12 ) and forwarded a draft decision on this matter for adoption at COP 10.

COP 10 adopted the decision on simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale afforestation and reforestation project activities under the CDM and measures to facilitate their implementation (decision 14/CP.10), which includes a draft COP/MOP decision on this matter.  Small-scale afforestation or reforestation project activities are those that are expected to result in net anthropogenic GHG removals by sinks of less than 8 kilotonnes of carbon dioxide per year. Excess removals are not eligible for the issuance of tCERs or lCERs. These project activities should directly benefit low-income community and individuals.

D. Other LULUCF issues

SBSTA 19 noted the aim to address the issue that accounting excludes removals resulting from elevated carbon dioxide concentrations above their pre-industrial level, indirect nitrogen disposition and effects of past practices and activities before 1990. On this subject, the IPCC was invited to elaborate practical methodologies to factor out the direct human-induced from the indirect human-induced and natural effects on changes in carbon stocks and GHG emissions. The IPCC indicated that the current scientific understanding of the processes did not allow the elaboration of these methodologies.

Parties provided views on these issues and other related LULUCF issues (FCCC/SBSTA/2003/15, para. 24 (i)-(j)) and these submissions are contained in FCCC/SBSTA/2004/MISC.8 and Add.1. The SBSTA, at its twenty-first session, did not finish consideration of this item and decided to continue its consideration at a future session.