Under the Paris Agreement (1/CP.21) Parties acknowledge that as climate change is a common concern of humankind:
Parties should when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity".
In recognition of the need for women and men to be equally represented in all aspects of the Convention process and for climate action to respond to the differentiated needs, experiences, priorities and capacities of women and men, Parties have focused on two goals under the dedicated gender and climate change agenda item:
Improving gender balance and increasing the participation of women in all UNFCCC processes, including in delegations and in bodies constituted under the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol, and
Increasing awareness and support for the development and effective implementation of
gender-responsive climate policy at the regional, national and local levels.
Under the Lima work programme on gender, Parties agreed to review progress towards achieving these two goals in 2016 at COP 22 in Marrakech. A call for information from Parties and observer organizations about progress towards these goals is now open until COP 22.