Scientific research is required to understand climate change - the
historical background, current status, impacts and future predictions, the effects of human
activities and the actions required at global, regional and local levels for mitigation and
The Convention calls
on Parties to promote and cooperate in research, systematic observation and the
development of data archives, including through exchange of information; to support programmes,
networks and organizations; and improve the capacities of developing countries (Articles 4.1(g,h) and 5).
Parties report on their national and cooperative research activities and their
contributions to climate science, as well as emerging research needs and priorities, in their
The Paris Agreement identifies the need for an
effective and progressive response to the urgent threat of climate change on the basis of the
best available scientific knowledge.
Implementation of research under the Convention and Paris Agreement is
supported through cooperation with the WCRP (which
coordinates the coupled model
intercomparison project), IPCC and other programmes, networks and organizations. The secretariat facilitates dialogue and
communication on the research needs and priorities expressed by Parties to the scientific community
and on the most recent and relevant information from the scientific community to Parties.
The IPCC has a well established role in the Convention process in
communicating scientific research information to the Convention through its assessment
reports, special reports and technical papers.
Further background information
Resources and Updates
Resources for negotiators
SBSTA 44 Conclusions: FCCC/SBSTA/2016/2
Summary Report (2366 kB) of the Eighth meeting of the SBSTA Research Dialogue