"Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Human influence on the climate system is clear. This is evident from the increasing greenhouse gas
concentrations in the atmosphere, positive radiative forcing, observed warming and understanding of
the climate system.
The Earth system is complex and long-term policy direction can only be based on long-term
observations and comprehensive assessments of the best available science.
The Convention calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in research and systematic observation
of the climate system, including through exchange of information and supporting international
programmes, networks and organizations. Parties are also called upon to cooperate in improving the
capacities of developing countries so that they can participate in research and systematic
observation activities (Articles 4.1(g,h) and 5). Further
Parties regularly report on their national and cooperative research activities and their
contributions to climate science, as well as emerging research needs and priorities through their
Summary Report (2366 kB) of the Eighth meeting of the SBSTA Research Dialogue
SBSTA Agenda item 6.(a) Research and systematic observation.