The United Nations is encouraging governments to ratify as soon as they can the amendments relating to the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, the international emissions reduction treaty. Ratification of the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol is a valuable part of the momentum for global climate action for the years leading up to 2020.
Parties to the Kyoto Protocol adopted an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol by decision 1/CMP.8 in accordance with Articles 20 and 21 of the Kyoto Protocol, at the eighth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) held in Doha, Qatar, on 8 December 2012.
On 21 December 2012, this 'Doha Amendment' was circulated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations acting in his capacity as Depositary to all Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in accordance with Articles 20 and 21 of the Protocol. The Depositary notification can be found here.
Pursuant to Article 21, paragraph 7 and Article 20, paragraph 4, the amendment is subject to acceptance by Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. In accordance with Article 20, paragraph 4, the amendment will enter into force for those Parties having accepted it on the ninetieth day after the date of receipt by the Depositary of an instrument of acceptance by at least three fourths of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. This means that a total of 144 instruments of acceptance are required for the entry into force of the amendment.
In his letter dated 13 February 2013 to the Governments of the Kyoto Protocol Parties, the Secretary-General of the United Nations congratulated Parties on the adoption of the Amendment and encouraged its prompt acceptance. To facilitate the entry into force of the amendment, the correspondence from the Secretary-General also included information on the procedure for the Amendment's acceptance and contained a model instrument of acceptance.
On 17 January 2018, the President of COP 23/CMP 13/CMA1.2 and the Executive Secretary of the Climate Change secretariat issued a joint letter to Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, urging them to accept the Doha Amendment as soon as possible.
In paragraph 5 of decision 1/CMP.8, the CMP recognized that Parties may provisionally apply the amendment pending its entry into force in accordance with Articles 20 and 21 of the Kyoto Protocol and requires Parties intending to do so to provide notification of any such provisional application to the Depositary. Furthermore, in accordance with paragraph 6 of the same decision, Parties that do not provisionally apply the amendment under paragraph 5 will implement their commitments and other responsibilities in relation to the second commitment period, in a manner consistent with their national legislation or domestic processes, as of 1 January 2013 and pending the entry into force of the amendment.
As of 18 January 2019, 124 Parties have deposited their instrument of acceptance.
In accordance with Article 4, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol, the following Parties have notified the Secretariat on their agreement to fulfill their commitments under Article 3 of the Protocol for the second commitment period jointly: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The terms of the agreement are as set out in the notification available here.
The authoritative information on the status of approval, acceptance, accession and ratification of the Doha Amendment, as well as information on corrections, is provided by its Depositary, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, on the respective internet page of the United Nations Treaty Collection.