Additional Background Information
COP 19/CMP 9 (Nov. 2013, Warsaw, Poland) adopted three decisions relating to national communications (NCs)
of Annex I Parties:
COP 19 adopted the guidelines 23/CP.19 for
the technical review of information reported under the Convention related to greenhouse gas inventories,
biennial reports and national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention. These
review guidelines provide a solid foundation for the upcoming technical reviews of NC6 and BR1 in early
2014 under the new IAR process. The section on the guidelines for the review of GHG inventories is
currently a placeholder in these newly adopted review guidelines.
COP decision 22/CP.19 requests
the secretariat to prepare a compilation and synthesis (C&S) report on the information reported by
Annex I Parties in their NC6 for consideration by COP 20 (Dec. 2014).
CMP decision 9/CMP.9 requests
the secretariat to prepare a C&S report on supplementary information incorporated in NC6 submitted in
accordance with Article 7, paragraph 2 of the Kyoto Protocol also for consideration by COP 20 (Dec.2014).
COP 18, (Dec. 2012 in Doha, Qatar), adopted the common tabular format for the “UNFCCC biennial
reporting guidelines for developed country Parties” (FCCC/CP/2012/L.12). Developed
country Parties shall use the reporting guidelines for the preparation of their biennial reports. First
biennial reports are due 1 January 2014.
COP18/CMP8 also adopted COP decision 20/CP.18 on the "Status of submission and review
and compilation and synthesis of fifth national communications from Parties inccluded in Annex I to the
Convention and a CMP decision 7/CMP.8 on the "Supplementary information
incorporated in national communications from Parties included in Annex I to the Convention that are
also Parties to the Kyoto Protocol and submitted in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto
Protocol, which had been forwarded to these bodies by SBI 36.
SBI 37 (Doha) took note of the status of submission and review of fifth national communications (FCCC/SBI/2012/INF.11). All national
communications received so far have been reviewed and review reports have been posted on the UNFCCC
SBSTA 37 (Doha) concluded with the adoption of a work programme for the revision of review guidelines in
2013 and 2014 (FCCC/SBSTA/2012/L.28). According to the work
programme, the review guidelines for national communications and biennial reports will be developed and
adopted by the end of 2013, and the revised review guidelines for GHG inventories will be adopted by the
end of 2014. These review guidelines will lay a solid foundation for the upcoming international assessment
and review (IAR) commencing in 2014.
Workshop on a common tabular format for the “UNFCCC biennial reporting guidelines for developed
11-12 October 2012, UN Campus, Langer Eugen (Room 1916), Hermann-Ehlers-Str. 10, Bonn, Germany
The report, agenda and the background documents can be found here.
SBSTA 36 (Bonn, May 2012)
The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), at its thirty-sixth session agreed
upon the Work programme on a common reporting format for the “UNFCCC biennial reporting guidelines
for developed country Parties” as contained in Annex I decision 2/CP.17. During the session, Parties
provided views on the content of the common tabular format for electronic reporting. Based on these views,
the co-chairs prepared a
non-paper (434 kB) . The purpose of this non-paper is to provide input for
further considerations by Parties on this matter.
COP17, SB 35 (Durban, December 2011)
Critical decisions were reached in
Durban to further
strengthen the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) framework for Annex I Parties. These will
contribute important elements to the post-2012 global mitigation regime, and form the basis for the
implementation of the Kyoto Protocol (KP) beyond its first commitment period.
In the context of the future mitigation regime under the Convention, governments reached breakthrough
decisions for Annex I Parties MRV framework. Parties agreed to adopt the UNFCCC biennial reporting (BR)
guidelines and the modalities and procedures for international assessment and review (IAR). In addition,
the process and timeline for revisions of these guidelines and guidelines for reporting and for review of
national communications were set.
The progress on MRV was significant and this creates a certainty among Parties and other stakeholders in
the UNFCCC process that developed countries are approaching their post-2012 commitments under the
Convention, including those relating to targets and financial resources with a sense of responsibility and
accountability. Crucial for the further development of the MRV framework for Annex I Parties is the work
under the SBSTA on the common reporting formats for biennial reports and the revision of the review
guidelines for biennial reports and the national communications.
In Durban, the secretariat organized a side event
related to MRV, at which the conference participants were presented with insights into reporting of
policies and measures, projections as well as support provided to developing countries.
Under the AWG-LCA, in Panama (October 2011), the Parties advanced on the content of the biennial reports
(BR) and on the modalities and procedures for international assessment and review (IAR). Based on the
Parties views provided, the co-facilitators have prepared the draft texts on the elements for the reporting
guidelines for BR, with the view to strengthen the reporting by Annex I Parties, in particular, on the
provision of support and on the monitoring of the progress towards GHG emission reduction targets. Also,
the draft text was prepared on the elements for modalities and procedures for IAR and the constructive
discussion was held on the objectives, scope and process of the IAR. Parties have submitted further views
on BR and IAR to the secretariat and will continue advancing on the draft texts in Durban.
COP 15, SBI 31 (Copenhagen, December 2009):
Under the agenda item ‘National communications and greenhouse gas inventory data from Parties
included in Annex I to the Convention’, the SBI began its consideration of the date of submission of
the NC6s of Annex I Parties and agreed to set this date at its thirty-second session and to forward a draft
decision on this matter for adoption by the COP at its sixteenth session. The SBI also agreed to
continue its consideration of the other matters relating to the status of the review of fourth national
communications and preparations for the review of fifth national communications at its thirty-second
COP 13, CMP 3, SBI 27 (Bali, December 2007):
Under the agenda item 'National communications and greenhouse gas inventory data from Parties included
in Annex I to the Convention', the SBI considered the sub-item 'Compilation and synthesis of fourth
national communications'. It had before it documents FCCC/SBI/2007/INF.6 and
Add.1 and 2, which contains the compilation and synthesis report of the NC4 and RDPs. Following a
recommendation of the SBI, the COP emphasized that the national communications and annual greenhouse
gas inventories submitted by Annex I Parties are the main source of information for reviewing the
implementation of the Convention by these Parties, and that the reports from the in-depth reviews of these
national communications provide important additional information for this purpose,and welcomed the work of
the secretariat in preparing the compilation and synthesis report on fourth national communications. It
requested Annex I Parties to submit to the secretariat a fifth national communication by 1 January 2010,
with a view to submitting the sixth national communication four years after this date, and concluded that
the review of the national communications and consideration of the outcomes of this review have proved to
be useful and should continue in accordance with decisions 2/CP.1, 6/CP.3 and 11/CP.4. It further decided
that national communications can be submitted to the secretariat in electronic format only. The CMP further
requested Annex I Parties that are also Parties to the Kyoto Protocol to include, in their fifth national
communications, the necessary supplementary information required under the guidelines for reporting
supplementary information under Article 7, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol contained in the annex to decision
15/CMP.1, in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol.
COP 12, CMP 2, SBI 25 (Nairobi, November 2006):
Under the agenda item 'National communications from Parties included in Annex I to the Convention',
the SBI considered the sub-item 'Synthesis of reports demonstrating progress in accordance with Article
3, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol'. It had before it document FCCC/SBI/2006/INF.7,
which provides information on the status of submission and review of the NC4 and RDPs. As informal
consultations on this issue could not reach agreed conclusions, the SBI agreed to forward the item to the
twenty-sixth session of the SBI (May 2007). The views of the Group of 77 and China submitted during the
session are contained in document FCCC/SBI/2006/MISC.17.
COP 11, CMP 1, SBI 23 (Montreal, December 2005):
The SBI considered options for the review process, based on a note prepared by the secretariat on
streamlining review processes under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol (FCCC/SBI/2005/16).
The SBI prepared draft decisions to the COP and CMP on this matter. The SBI also took note of a status
report on the review of third national communications (FCCC/SBI/2005/INF.9).
The COP adopted decision 7/CP.11 entitled
“Review processes during the period 2006–2007 for Parties included in Annex I to the
Convention” , recognizing that streamlining of the review procedures is required during the period
2006–2007 in order to ensure the effective use of resources needed to meet additional review
requirements for Annex I Parties that are also Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. It requested the secretariat
to organize a centralized review of fourth national communications, and an in-country, in-depth review of
the fourth national communication for those Parties that request one. It also requested the secretariat to
prepare the compilation and synthesis report on fourth national communications for consideration by the
Conference of the Parties at its thirteenth session (December 2007). The CMP, by its decision
26/CMP.1, requested the
secretariat to prepare the compilation and synthesis of supplementary information included in fourth
national communications, in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol, submitted by
Annex I Parties to the Convention that are also Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, for consideration at its
third session (December 2007).