At COP 13, through the Bali Action Plan, Parties agreed on the principle of applying measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) for developing country Parties, which laid the foundation for the subsequent elaboration of the existing comprehensive MRV framework for developing country Parties. MRV occurs at the international level, but can also be voluntary at the national level.

Measurement (M) for non-Annex I Parties applies both to efforts to address climate change and to the impacts of these efforts. It occurs at the national level and refers to GHG emissions, mitigation actions and their effects, and the support needed and received;

Reporting (R) for non-Annex I Parties is implemented through the national communications and BURs, where Parties report on their actions to address climate change in their national communications;

Verification (V) is addressed at the international level, through the ICA of BURs; It can also occur at the national level, but is voluntary.

The secretariat released new handbook on measurement, reporting, and verification for developing countries.
To access the handbook, click  here