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REDD Web Platform: Demonstration Activities
 
Demonstration activities are essential in order to establish a basic stock of practical experiences related to REDD-plus. This section informs about ongoing and planned demonstration activities by Parties, relevant organizations as well as joint initiatives.
Information submitted on demonstration activities
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)

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Objectives
The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), which became operational in June 2008, is a global partnership focused on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, forest carbon stock conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+). The FCPF complements the UNFCCC negotiations on REDD+ by demonstrating how REDD+ can be applied at the country level and by learning lessons from this early implementation phase.

The FCPF has created a framework and processes for REDD+ readiness, which helps countries get ready for future systems of financial incentives for REDD+. Using this framework, each participating country develops an understanding of what it means to become ready for REDD+, in particular by developing reference scenarios, adopting a REDD+ strategy, designing monitoring systems and setting up REDD+ national management arrangements, in ways that are inclusive of the key national stakeholders.

Governance
The FCPF currently has thirty six REDD Country Participants (13 in Africa, 15 in Latin America and the Caribbean, and eight in Asia-Pacific). The partnership relies on an effective and inclusive governance structure, with the Participants Assembly and the Participants Committee at its core.
The Participants Assembly, which is comprised of all the countries and organizations participating in the FCPF, meets annually and elects the Participants Committee. The Participants Committee is made up of an equal number of forest (REDD+) countries (14) and financial contributors (14), and is also comprised of observers representing indigenous peoples, civil society, international organizations, the UN-REDD Programme, the UNFCCC Secretariat and the private sector. The Committee is the main decision-making body of the FCPF. It reviews country submissions, decides on grant resource allocation, approves budgets inter alia.
The World Bank assumes the functions of trustee and secretariat. The World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank and United Nations Development Programme are Delivery Partners under the Readiness Fund and responsible for providing REDD+ readiness support services to distinct countries.

Readiness Fund
With assistance from the Readiness Fund (currently about US$258 million committed or pledged by 15 public donors, each having provided at least US$5 million), each participating country prepares itself for REDD+ by developing the necessary policies and systems, in particular by adopting national strategies; developing reference emission levels; designing measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems; and setting up REDD+ national management arrangements, including the proper safeguards. 
The focus of the FCPF to date has been on REDD+ readiness. A total of 33 countries have already prepared their Readiness Preparation Proposals, of which 26 for formal assessment, and nine have received grants to implement these proposals.
In the readiness phase, significant cooperation has been developed between the FCPF and the UN-REDD Programme, the Forest Investment Program and the Global Environment Facility. In addition, a common approach to environmental and social safeguards has been developed, which allows the proceeds of the FCPF Readiness Fund to flow through the various Delivery Partners.

Carbon Fund
The Carbon Fund, the second fund of the FCPF became operational in May 2011. It will provide payments for verified emission reductions from REDD+ programs in countries that have made considerable progress towards REDD+ readiness. About five REDD Country Participants will qualify for the Carbon Fund based on a progress assessment by the FCPF Participants Committee.
Programs submitted to the Carbon Fund (currently about US$390 million committed or pledged by ten public and private contributors, each having provided at least US$5 million) will have to meet the following criteria:
• Focus on results, namely high-quality and sustainable emissions reductions including social and environmental benefits;
• Sufficient scale of implementation, e.g., at the level of an administrative jurisdiction within a country or at the national level;
• Consistency with emerging compliance standards under the UNFCCC and other regimes;
• Diversity, so as to generate learning value for the FCPF and other Participants;
• Clear mechanisms so that the incentives for REDD+ reach those who need them; and
• Transparent stakeholder consultations.
In addition, programs implemented at the sub-national scale will need to be consistent with the emerging national strategies, reference emission levels and MRV systems, and be accompanied by measures to assess and minimize the risk of leakage.
The Carbon Fund is intended to play a catalytic role for REDD+, building on the experience of pioneering initiatives such as the BioCarbon Fund. Accordingly, Carbon Fund commitments should be made early enough to provide incentives to countries to adopt the necessary policies and systems and undertake the necessary investments. Consistent with the UNFCCC decision on REDD+ adopted in Cancun in December 2010, the readiness, investment and performance-based payment phases are not purely sequential but will instead overlap to a large extent. Nevertheless, to ensure that carbon finance builds on readiness achievements, the FCPF Participants Committee must have assessed a country’s Readiness Package before the country can enter into an Emission Reductions Payment Agreement with the Carbon Fund.
The Carbon Fund will deliver emission reductions to the financial contributors to the fund pro rata to the capital share.

Main Activities
In the year ahead, the FCPF will advance its work on critical issues at the interface between readiness and carbon finance, in particular the readiness package assessment framework, reference levels and MRV for sub-national emission reductions programs, valuation approaches for emission reductions, and the methodological and pricing approach to govern the Carbon Fund.

Link to the FCPF organization website on the REDD Web Platform

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

Australia and Indonesia are currently working on a demonstration activity in the carbon rich peatland forests of Central Kalimantan – the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership (KFCP). This Partnership is the first, large-scale demonstration activity of its kind in Indonesia. It trials an innovative, market-oriented approach to financing and implementing measures to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Australia has committed $30 million to establish the KFCP.

The KFCP is part of Australia’s International Forest Carbon Initiative (IFCI)

Link to Australia's country website on the REDD Web Platform

UN-REDD Programme

The UN-REDD Programme is the United Nations collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) in developing countries. The Programme was launched in 2008 and builds on the convening role and technical expertise of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes and promotes the informed and meaningful involvement of all stakeholders, including Indigenous Peoples and other forest-dependent communities, in national and international REDD+ implementation.

Support to Partner Countries
The Programme currently supports 44 partner countries spanning Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America, of which 16 are receiving support to National Programme activities. These 16 countries are: Bolivia, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ecuador, Indonesia, Nigeria, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, the Philippines, Republic of Congo, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Viet Nam and Zambia. To-date, the UN-REDD Programme’s Policy Board has approved a total of US$67.3 million for National Programmes in these 16 partner countries. These funds help to support the development and implementation of national REDD+ strategies.

UN-REDD Programme countries not receiving direct support to National Programmes engage with the Programme in a number of ways, including as observers to the Programme's Policy Board, and through participation in regional workshops and knowledge sharing, facilitated by the Programme’s interactive online workspace. These countries are: Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname and Uganda.

Click here for more information on UN-REDD National Programmes.

Global Support to National REDD+ Actions
In addition to supporting partner countries through UN-REDD National Programmes, the UN-REDD Programme also provides complementary support to countries through common approaches, analyses, methodologies, tools, data and best practices developed through the UN-REDD Global Programme. The UN-REDD Global Programme work is divided in the following six integrated work areas, designed to support country actions on REDD+:

  • Improving Guidance on Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) and Monitoring
  • Increasing Stakeholder Engagement in REDD+
  • Promoting the Multiple Benefits of Forests
  • Increasing Transparency in National REDD+ Governance
  • Strengthening National Systems for Managing REDD+ Funding
  • Catalyzing Shifts to a Green Economy

Click here for more information on the UN-REDD Global Programme

Funding
Donor contributions from Denmark, Japan, Norway and Spain now total US$118.3 million. For an overview of current funds and budget allocations, consult the Programme’s Multi-Partner Trust Fund.

Link to the UN-REDD organization website on the REDD Web Platform

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