Methodologies and Tools to Evaluate Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation

Compendium on methods and tools to evaluate impacts of, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change. Final draft

3 Cross-cuttting issues and multisector approaches

3.3 Stakeholder approaches

Stakeholder approaches in general emphasize the importance of ensuring that the decisions to be analyzed, how they are analyzed, and the actions taken as a result of this analysis are driven by those who are affected by climate changed and those who would be involved in the implementation of adaptations. The stakeholder approaches described in this compendium, listed in Table 3.3, represent a way of analyzing the institutional and organization context of the adaptation strategy planning process more than they do specific tools to be applied to an assessment. Application of the stakeholder network and institution approach might well employ a variety of tools, some of which are listed below. The vulnerability indices approach aims to provide the user with a metric for vulnerability and adaptive capacity, but again, its application would most likely rely on other tools. Agent based social simulation is a modeling approach to stakeholder networks and institutions and might in practice take different forms, depending on the user's aims. Livelihood sensitivity exercise is a means of integrating existing knowledge of climate vulnerability with livelihood analysis. Multistakeholder processes are tools emphasizing dialogue on consensus building, and might well be employed as part of the aforementioned approaches. All of these approaches are relatively new, at least in their application to the climate change problem, and consequently their methods are still being refined.

Table 3.3 Stakeholder approaches

Stakeholder Networks and Institutions (15 kB)
Vulnerability Indices (16 kB)
Agent Based Social Simulation (16 kB)
Livelihood Sensitivity Exercise (14 kB)
Multistakeholder Processes (18 kB)
Scoping (13 kB)
Global Sustainability Scenarios (15 kB)