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The Forest Carbon
Partnership Facility (FCPF), which became operational in June 2008, is a global partnership
focused on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, forest carbon stock
conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+). The
FCPF complements the UNFCCC negotiations on REDD+ by demonstrating how REDD+ can be applied at the
country level and by learning lessons from this early implementation phase.
The FCPF has created a framework and processes for REDD+ readiness, which helps countries get ready
for future systems of financial incentives for REDD+. Using this framework, each participating
country develops an understanding of what it means to become ready for REDD+, in particular by
developing reference scenarios, adopting a REDD+ strategy, designing monitoring systems and setting
up REDD+ national management arrangements, in ways that are inclusive of the key national
The FCPF currently has thirty six REDD Country Participants (13 in Africa,
15 in Latin America and the Caribbean, and eight in Asia-Pacific). The partnership relies on an
effective and inclusive governance structure, with the Participants Assembly and the Participants
Committee at its core.
The Participants Assembly, which is comprised of all the countries and organizations participating in
the FCPF, meets annually and elects the Participants Committee. The Participants Committee is made up
of an equal number of forest (REDD+) countries (14) and financial contributors (14), and is also
comprised of observers representing indigenous peoples, civil society, international organizations,
the UN-REDD Programme, the UNFCCC Secretariat and the private sector. The Committee is the main
decision-making body of the FCPF. It reviews country submissions, decides on grant resource
allocation, approves budgets inter alia.
The World Bank assumes the functions of trustee and secretariat. The World Bank, the Inter-American
Development Bank and United Nations Development Programme are Delivery Partners under the Readiness
Fund and responsible for providing REDD+ readiness support services to distinct countries.
With assistance from the Readiness Fund (currently about US$258 million
committed or pledged by 15 public donors, each having provided at least US$5 million), each
participating country prepares itself for REDD+ by developing the necessary policies and systems, in
particular by adopting national strategies; developing reference emission levels; designing
measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems; and setting up REDD+ national management
arrangements, including the proper safeguards.
The focus of the FCPF to date has been on REDD+ readiness. A total of 33 countries have already
prepared their Readiness Preparation Proposals, of which 26 for formal assessment, and nine have
received grants to implement these proposals.
In the readiness phase, significant cooperation has been developed between the FCPF and the UN-REDD
Programme, the Forest Investment Program and the Global Environment Facility. In addition, a common
approach to environmental and social safeguards has been developed, which allows the proceeds of the
FCPF Readiness Fund to flow through the various Delivery Partners.
The Carbon Fund, the second fund of the FCPF became operational in May
2011. It will provide payments for verified emission reductions from REDD+ programs in countries that
have made considerable progress towards REDD+ readiness. About five REDD Country Participants will
qualify for the Carbon Fund based on a progress assessment by the FCPF Participants Committee.
Programs submitted to the Carbon Fund (currently about US$390 million committed or pledged by ten
public and private contributors, each having provided at least US$5 million) will have to meet the
• Focus on results, namely high-quality and sustainable emissions reductions including
social and environmental benefits;
• Sufficient scale of implementation, e.g., at the level of an administrative jurisdiction
within a country or at the national level;
• Consistency with emerging compliance standards under the UNFCCC and other regimes;
• Diversity, so as to generate learning value for the FCPF and other Participants;
• Clear mechanisms so that the incentives for REDD+ reach those who need them; and
• Transparent stakeholder consultations.
In addition, programs implemented at the sub-national scale will need to be consistent with the
emerging national strategies, reference emission levels and MRV systems, and be accompanied by
measures to assess and minimize the risk of leakage.
The Carbon Fund is intended to play a catalytic role for REDD+, building on the experience of
pioneering initiatives such as the BioCarbon Fund. Accordingly, Carbon Fund commitments should be
made early enough to provide incentives to countries to adopt the necessary policies and systems and
undertake the necessary investments. Consistent with the UNFCCC decision on REDD+ adopted in Cancun
in December 2010, the readiness, investment and performance-based payment phases are not purely
sequential but will instead overlap to a large extent. Nevertheless, to ensure that carbon finance
builds on readiness achievements, the FCPF Participants Committee must have assessed a
country’s Readiness Package before the country can enter into an Emission Reductions Payment
Agreement with the Carbon Fund.
The Carbon Fund will deliver emission reductions to the financial contributors to the fund pro rata
to the capital share.
In the year ahead, the FCPF will advance its work on critical issues at
the interface between readiness and carbon finance, in particular the readiness package assessment
framework, reference levels and MRV for sub-national emission reductions programs, valuation
approaches for emission reductions, and the methodological and pricing approach to govern the Carbon