The mechanisms in the current negotiations:
Clean development mechanism
The first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 1) adopted the modalities and
procedures for a clean development mechanism (CDM). Pursuant to that decision, the first review of the
modalities and procedures for the CDM, was to be carried out by CMP 9.
CMP 9 requested the
UNFCCC secretariat, drawing on the discussions that took place at the thirty-ninth session of the Subsidiary
Body of Implementation (SBI 39), and that were reflected in a
note by the co-chairs, to prepare a technical
paper on issues relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM, including
their implications, for consideration at SBI 40 (see decision 4/CMP.9, paragraph 1).
At SBI 40, Parties made progress in their consideration as captured in the
second note by the co-chairs, but could not come to conclusions on this agenda item. At SBI 41 Parties convened their consideration
of this matter and concluded (
FCCC/SBI/2014/L.35) to continue considering this matter. At SBI42. the consultations among Parties did
not result in any conclusions and this matter will be considered at SBI43.
Background documents listed above:
Modalities and procedures
for the CDM (decision 3/CMP.1)
Technical paper on issues
relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM (FCCC/TP/2014/1)
Second note by the co-chairs (June 2014)
Other related documents:
- Submissions by Parties (2013 and
2014) and Observer
Review of the joint implementation guidelines
CMP 1 adopted the guidelines for the implementation of Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol (joint implementation
In accordance with decision
6/CMP.8, SBI 39 (Nov. 2013) initiated the review of these guidelines and agreed to continue its
consideration of this matter at SBI 40 (June 2014). At SBI 40 and SBI 41, (Dec. 2014) Parties continued
considering this matter.
CMP 10, through its decision
5/CMP.10, requested the following work related to the review of the JI guidelines for consideration at
1. The secretariat was mandated to prepare a technical
paper on the opportunities for cost savings and efficiencies for JI, learning from the experiences of the
CDM, while recognizing the respective mandates of the two mechanisms;
2. Parties were invited to submit examples of voluntary technical approaches, designed by host Parties for
their JI projects, that could assist the host Parties in achieving their quantified emission limitation or
reduction commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. The secretariat was asked to prepare a synthesis report of
3. The Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) was requested to submit elaborated recommendations on the
review of the JI guidelines.
At SBI 42, Parties considered the above documentation and agreed to continue discussing this matter at SBI 43
(Dec. 2015), on the basis of the draft decision text and its appendix proposed by the co-chairs of the
informal consultations on this agenda sub-item and contained in the annex to document FCCC/SBI/2015/L.5.
Modalities for expediting the continued issuance, transfer and acquisition of joint implementation
emission reduction units
Under the current guidance, an Annex I Party with commitments inscribed in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol may
issue, transfer and acquire emission reduction units (ERUs) under JI only after its assigned amount has been
calculated and recorded, and its assigned amount units and removal units have been issued.
At CMP 8 (Dec. 2012),
Parties requested the SBI through decision 1/CMP.8, to consider
modalities for expediting the continued issuance, transfer and acquisition of ERUs valid for the second
SBI 39 initiated its consideration of this matter and agreed to continue discussions at SBI 40.
At SBI 40, Parties requested the secretariat to prepare a technical paper on any technical implications for
the processes and systems under the Kyoto Protocol. The technical paper is available here.
SBI 41 agreed to continue discussing this matter at SBI 42. SBI 42 agreed to continue considering this matter
at SBI 43, on the basis of the draft proposed by the co-chairs of the informal consultations on
this agenda sub-item and contained in the annex to document FCCC/SBI/2015/L.2.
Synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol
CMP 9 requested the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) to submit elaborated recommendations on
the JI accreditation system aligned with that of the CDM, taking into consideration decision 6/CMP.8,
paragraph 15(b), for consideration by SBI 40.
SBI 40 considered the synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms established under Articles 6
(JI) and 12 (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, taking note of the recommendation from the
JISC, and recommended a draft
decision on this matter for consideration and adoption at CMP 10.