The mechanisms in the current negotiations:
Clean development mechanism
The first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 1) adopted the modalities and
procedures for a clean development mechanism (CDM). Pursuant to that decision, the first review of the
modalities and procedures for the CDM, was to be carried out by CMP 9.
CMP 9 requested the
UNFCCC secretariat, drawing on the discussions that took place at the thirty-ninth session of the Subsidiary
Body of Implementation (SBI 39), and that were reflected in a
note by the co-chairs, to prepare a technical
paper on issues relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM, including
their implications, for consideration at SBI 40 (see decision 4/CMP.9, paragraph 1).
At SBI 40, Parties made progress in their consideration as captured in the
second note by the co-chairs, but could not come to conclusions on this agenda item. At SBI 41 Parties convened their consideration
of this matter and concluded (
FCCC/SBI/2014/L.35) to continue considering this matter. At SBI42. the consultations among Parties did
not result in any conclusions and this matter will be considered at SBI43.
At SBI43 Parties continued their consideration of this
matter and concluded (FCCC/SBI/2015/L.28)
to continue considering this matter taking into account the priorities of Parties with regard to this matter
Background documents listed above:
Modalities and procedures
for the CDM (decision 3/CMP.1)
Technical paper on issues
relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM (FCCC/TP/2014/1)
Second note by the co-chairs (2014)
Other related documents:
- Submissions by Parties (2013 and
2014) and Observer
Review of the joint implementation guidelines
CMP 1 adopted the guidelines for the implementation of Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol (joint implementation
In accordance with decision
6/CMP.8, SBI 39 (Nov. 2013) initiated the review of these guidelines and agreed to continue its
consideration of this matter at SBI 40 (June 2014). At SBI 40 and SBI 41, Parties continued considering
At SBI 42, Parties considered the following documentation, as requested by CMP 10, through its
5/CMP.10, and agreed to continue considering this matter at SBI 43 (Dec. 2015):
- A technical paper on
the opportunities for cost savings and efficiencies for JI, learning from the experiences of the CDM, while
recognizing the respective mandates of the two mechanisms;
- A synthesis report of
submissions from Parties on examples of voluntary technical approaches, designed by host Parties for their JI
projects, that could assist the host Parties in achieving their quantified emission limitation or reduction
commitments under the Kyoto Protocol;
- Elaborated recommendations on
the review of the JI guidelines by the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC).
At SBI 43, Parties considered the above documentation and agreed to continue discussing this matter at SBI 44
(May 2016), on the basis of the draft decision text and its appendix proposed by the co-chairs of the
informal consultations on this agenda sub-item and contained in the annex to document FCCC/SBI/2015/30.
CMP 11, through its decision
7/CMP.11, requested the JISC to submit
recommendations for consideration by SBI 44 on actions that would be necessary to implement the draft JI
modalities and procedures, including changes to:
- The rules of procedure of the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee as adopted by decision 3/CMP.5;
- Provisions under other decisions of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties
to the Kyoto Protocol relating to joint implementation.
CMP 11 also requested the JISC to submit
recommendations for consideration by SBI 44 in the context of the review of JI guidelines, inter alia, on
options to address:
- Concerns raised by stakeholders;
- Validation by an accredited independent entity of post-registration changes.
At SBI 44, Parties concluded their consideration of the review of the JI guidelines. The work that has been
undertaken by the SBI is recorded in the annex of the document FCCC/SBI/2016/L.8.
The SBI recommended a draft
decision on this matter for consideration and adoption by CMP 12.
Synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol
CMP 9 requested the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) to submit elaborated recommendations on
the JI accreditation system aligned with that of the CDM, taking into consideration decision 6/CMP.8,
paragraph 15(b), for consideration by SBI 40.
SBI 40 considered the synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms established under Articles 6
(JI) and 12 (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, taking note of the recommendation from the
JISC, and recommended a draft
decision on this matter for consideration and adoption at CMP 10.