The Conference of the Parties (COP) serves as the meeting of the Parties to the
Kyoto Protocol. This is referred to as the Conference of the Parties
serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP).
The CMP meets annually during the same period as the COP. Parties to the Convention that are
not Parties to the Protocol are able to participate in the CMP as observers, but without the right
to take decisions. The functions of the CMP relating to the Protocol are similar to those carried
out by the COP for the Convention.
The first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol was held in Montreal, Canada in December 2005, in
conjunction with the eleventh session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11).
Decisions were adopted that outline the path to future international action on climate change. The
Parties to the Kyoto Protocol also formally adopted the “rulebook” of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol,
the so-called ‘Marrakesh accords’, which sets the framework for implementation of the
The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the
Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI)
These two permanent
subsidiary bodies established under the Convention also serve the CMP.
The Bureau of the COP also serves the CMP. However, any member of the
COP Bureau representing a non-Party to the Kyoto Protocol has to be replaced by a member representing a Kyoto