Uniform Reporting Format:
Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase
1) Title of project:
Burkina Faso Sustainable Energy Management
Please fill in if applicable
1. Purpose of the Report. This is the second joint report by the Government of Burkina Faso
(GoBF) and Norway to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The report
is a follow-up to the first joint report which was submitted to the UNFCCC in June 1997 as per the
requirements of the First Conference of the Parties (COP1-- Decision 5). It is intended to document
the progress made and difficulties encountered during the field implementation of the Burkina Faso
Sustainable Energy Management Project with a view to consolidating the lessons learned and thus
contributing to the improvement of the project’s performance overtime during the pilot phase.
2. Summary of the Project. The AIJ component within the Burkina Faso Sustainable Energy
Management Project supports a selection of climate change activities (solar PV dissemination for
community purposes, kerosene stove dissemination in major urban settlements to displace woodfuel
and charcoal use, promotion of improved carbonization techniques together with forest management
activities by the Ministry of Environment and demand side activities by the Ministry of Energy).
The detailed design of project activities and anticipated CO2 offsets, the budget allocation, the
monitoring and supervision provisions together with the anticipated benefits of the project are
described in the June 1997 report to the UNFCC attached as Annex 1.
Type of project:a)
Energy Efficiency/demand side management
Location (exact, e.g. city, region, state):
Mouhon and Koudougou, Burkina Faso
Activity starting date:
February 3, 1997, a letter of intent to implement the project was signed between the governments of
Burkina Faso and Norway. June-July 1997 project actual implementation initiated. Implementation
delayed by 6 months because of cofinancing.
Expected activity ending date:
Stage of activity:b)
Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)
Emissions impact of the activity will continue throughout the lifespan of the project. The pilot
phase emissions reductions of 1.5 million tons of CO2 are based on a 6 year period
including 1 year of project preparation. Monitoring and evaluation of emissions reduction for
reporting to UNFCCC will be conducted on a continuous basis.
provided under section E of this report
4) Costs (to the extent possible)
5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures
Describe the procedures, including name of organizations involveda) :
(1) Project Implementation since September 1997. 3. Current AIJ Project Status. Since
the signing of the AIJ-Grant legal agreement between the World Bank and the GoBF in September of
1997, the following project preparation and implementation activities have taken place:
(i) a national AIJ-Review of Policies of Traditional Energy Sectors (RPTES) workshop was
held in September 1997 to finalize the terms of reference (TOR) of the proposed studies together
with the project implementation plan. The workshop specifically contributed to: (a) raising
national awareness on the project activities for which prior national experience was limited; (b)
enhancing national ownership of the climate change policy aspects of the project and (c) creating
an enabling environment to facilitate project coordination between all line ministries by bringing
together government institutions, the civil society, the private sector and the NGO community;
(ii) subsequent to the above preparation workshop, all necessary provisions for the
institutional set up and oversight of the project were finalized for a national AIJ-Project
Steering Committee to be appointed by the Ministerial decree.
(iii) a Project Coordination Unit (PCU) was appointed by the GoBF which assigned the Solar
and kerosene stove promotion activities to the Ministry of Energy while the Ministry of Environment
retained responsibility for the implementation of the forest management and improved carbonization
(iv) the villages participating in the solar promotion activities were identified;
(v) a Manual of Procedures following standard IDA guidelines was prepared by the GoBF and a
project accountant was hired;
(vi) an official AIJ-RPTES project launching ceremony took place in January 17, 1998 in
Koudougou, one of the AIJ-project sites, with the participation of eight Ministers together with
several donor representatives.
(2) Detailed Review of Implemented Components
(i) . Institutional and Legal Arrangements. Items (ii) through (iii) of paragraph 3 above
provides information on key institutional and administrative arrangements accomplished to date.
These arrangements were undertaken by the GoBF to start field implementation of the AIJ-Project
once the legal agreement between the GoBF and the World Bank-IDA was signed.
(ii). Solar PV systems.. A survey of the identified local communities to receive the solar
PV equipment has been completed. An international competitive bidding process for the supply of the
solar PV systems to the local communities has been initiated. A final selection of the implementing
firm is expected by June 15, 1998.
(iii). Kerosene Stove Dissemination Activities. The project management team for the kerosene
activities traveled to Niger to take stock of the experience of that country in the promotion of
kerosene stoves (see Energy field mission report attached as Annex 2). Samples of kerosene stoves
were brought from Niger for testing in Ouagadougou.
(iv). Improved Carbonization/Charcoal Filière Assessment. A limited number of
Consulting firms have been identified and a preliminary consultation has been initiated.
Implementation of follow-up activities is in progress and an assessment will be conducted at a
(v). Forest Management Activities. The initial Project implementation plan was revised and
provisions were made to hire two Forestry Engineers to strengthen the implementation team and would
assist with carbon analysis in sequestrations. Out of the 250 villages covered by the Sustainable
Energy Management Project, 34 villages have been selected and surveyed for the AIJ-Project field
implementation. Some equipment were provided to the village-based Task Teams towards the forest
management activities by the GoBF on January 17, 1998 during the official launching of the AIJ
(3) Emissions Reductions. Projects of emissions reductions including technical parameters to be
used, baseline estimation, and the plan for monitoring the quantities of emissions will be
conducted in collaboration with Burkina Faso National Coordinator of Climate Change (CIMAC).
B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement
1) For the activity:
2) This report is a joint report:
_x_ Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved
3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:
C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio-economic and
environment priorities and strategies
D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project
E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real,
measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not
have occured in the absence of such activities
1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):
2) Estimated emissions with the activity:
F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial
obligations of the Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial
mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate
G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to
other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the
Convention. In this process, the developed country parties shall support the development and enhancement of
endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties
H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties,
effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered
Fill in as appropriate:
1) Any practical experience gained:
Remedial Actions Taken
To be able to start up the AIJ field activities on January 17, 1998 while awaiting DANIDA’s
disbursement (now expected by June 1998), the GoBF established a temporary project management unit in
December 1997 with financial support from the World Bank RPTES Program. DANIDA cofinancing delayed by 6
months. DANIDA cofinancing amended and limited to forest management. A sub budget line within the AIJ has
been initiated to include support for institutional activities.
2) Technical difficulties:
Project Implementation Constraints
Field implementation of the project was delayed by 3 months following the September 1997 signing of the
legal agreement because of the delay incurred by DANIDA in providing the funds intended to support the
institutional set-up of the overall Sustainable Energy Management Project. To date, all legal agreements
have been signed. Endorsement letters received from the Ministry of Finance.
3) Negative impacts and/or effects encountered:
4) Other obstacles encountered:
Project Risks. The project benefits could be affected by (i) delays in implementation; (ii)
performance by local institutions executing the project; (iii) inflation and depreciating local currency
that might make the prices of solar PV systems very expensive for local communities; (iv) lack of skills in
use of solar PV systems and carbonization technologies may make implementation of the project difficult and
calculation and recording of CO2 emissions abated impossible. (v) Property ownership between the
government and local communities and possible resource conflicts resulting from fuelwood wholesalers,
charcoal processors, increasing urban demand for energy creating shortages for fuelwood, and (vi) creating
and expanding a sustainable market for solar PV systems and non carbon energy technologies.
Monitoring and Evaluation Process. The project monitoring and evaluation for the government of
Burkina Faso will be carried out by its own structures.