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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)
 
UNIFORM REPORTING FORMAT:
ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY
UNDER THE PILOT PHASE

UNIFORM REPORTING FORMAT:

ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY UNDER THE PILOT PHASE

The uniform reporting format contained below is to be used in reporting on activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase. It is noted that the reporting should be consistent with decision 5/CP.1 and 8/CP.2 (reproduced in annexes I and II to this reporting format). The SBSTA notes that the uniform reporting format could possibly require revision in the light of experience gained and methodological work conducted under the pilot phase.

List of Projects

A. Description of project

A. 1) Title of project:

THE RABA/IKARUS COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS ENGINE PROJECT

A. 2) Participants/actors:

Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item AFunction within activity".

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

TNO

Name of organization (English):

TNO

Department:

Institute for Environment, Energy and Process Innovation

Acronym:

TNO-MEP

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Project management/monitoring/emission tests

Street:

PO Box 6011

Post code:

2600 JA

City:

Delft

Country:

The Netherlands

Telephone:

+31 15 269 6877

Fax:

+31 15 261 3186

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

//www.tno.nl

Contact person (for this activity):

------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Van Ham

First name, middle name:

Joop

Job title:

Project leader

Direct tel:

+31 15 269 6877

Direct fax:

+31 15 261 3186

Direct E-mail:

j.vanham@mep.tno.nl

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

DELTEC Fuel systems b.v.

Name of organization (English):

Department:

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Know-how engine/fuel system

Street:

Innsbruckweg 116

Post code:

3047 AH

City:

Rotterdam

Country:

The Netherlands

Telephone:

+31 10 262 0401

Fax:

+31 10 262 0402

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Tiedema

First name, middle name:

P.

Job title:

Director

Direct tel:

Direct fax:

Direct E-mail:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

RABA PMC

Name of organization (English):

Department:

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Implementation engine

Street:

PO Box 50

Post code:

H-9002

City:

Gy`r

Country:

Hungary

Telephone:

+36 96 314 111

Fax:

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Romvari

First name, middle name:

F.

Job title:

Manager

Direct tel:

+36 96 314 711

Direct fax:

+36 96 418 476

Direct E-mail:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Ikarus

Name of organization (English):

Department:

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Implementation in bus

Street:

PO Box 21

Post code:

H-80002

City:

Szekesfehervar

Country:

Hungary

Telephone:

Fax:

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Kiss

First name, middle name:

Jozsef

Job title:

Manager technical aspects

Direct tel:

+36 22 312 284 / 692

Direct fax:

+36 22 329 075

Direct E-mail:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

K`zlekedJstudom@nyi IntJzet

Name of organization (English):

Institute for Transport Sciences

Department:

Acronym:

KTI

Acronym (English):

KTI

Function within activity:

Emission testing

Street:

PO Box 107

Post code:

H-1518

City:

Budapest

Country:

Hungary

Telephone:

Fax:

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Meretei

First name, middle name:

Tamas

Job title:

Manager Engine testing department

Direct tel:

+36 1 205 5936

Direct fax:

Direct E-mail:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

AUTOKUT

Name of organization (English):

Department:

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Emission testing

Street:

Csoka u. 9

Post code:

H-1115

City:

Budapest

Country:

Hungary

Telephone:

Fax:

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Reinitz

First name, middle name:

Zoltan

Job title:

Direct tel:

+36 1 203 7624

Direct fax:

+36 1 203 7634

Direct E-mail:

a) Organization includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organizations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

A. 3) Activity:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

General description:

development of a CNG engine for buses

Type of project:a)

fuel switch, technology transfer

Location (exact, e.g. city, region,

state):

various cities in Hungary

Activity starting date:

1 January 1995

Expected activity ending date:

31 October 1997

Stage of activity:b)

in progress

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

20 years

Technical data:d)

CNG fueled buses with 941 g CO2/km emission

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):

Item

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year 1+2

Cost of the project in US$:

1.3 million

AIJ component in US$:

0.45 million

US$ per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent:

100-250

Describe briefly how costs are determined:

Project costs include costs for development and testing of the new CNG engine by RABA, installation by Ikarus, environmental performance tests and training, transfer of know-how and monitoring of the project.

The cost of avoided CO2 is calculated by considering:

- additional investment costs for a CNG engine bus when compared with a diesel bus

- lower operational costs for a CNG engine bus

- rough estimate of necessary investment in infrastructure as a result from conversion from diesel to CNG

- estimate of the emission performance of a CNG bus compared with a diesel bus

A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organizations involved):

With respect to the environmental performances of engines of existing buses and the new CNG engine standardized emission tests are followed, which are also used for official certification. Emission testing is performed by KTI and AUTOKUT.

A draft note for the assessment of the overall CO2 emission reduction reached by this project has been prepared for discussion between the partners in this project. As yet, assessment procedures have not been finalized and mutually agreed upon.

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organizations mentioned is reported under

section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

B. 1) For the activity:

* First report and joint reporting: please add copies of letters of endorsement by each designated national authority of Parties involved in the activity.

* Subsequent reports:

Activity was:

_ suspended

_ terminated earlier

Describe:

B. 2) This report is a joint report:
_ Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved

_ No

B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

A first interim-report has been submitted to the CoP in March 1995 in Berlin. A second report will follow at the end of the monitoring study.

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

The activity is well in line with priorities in the areas of Hungarian industrial and technological development, transport policy and environmental policy.

The project transfers technology to Hungary which will be used by two industries (RABA and Ikarus) to build and deliver new products to their markets and, thereby, strengthen their economic position.

The new CNG fueled buses may reduce pollution from public transport when present (old) diesel buses are replaced.

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

Implementation of technology may reduce emissions of CO2, CO, hydrocarbons, NOx and particulate matter

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

Yes

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

Are not investigated; does not appear to be relevant

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

No

Describe economic benefits in detail:

Building of market potential for a new product

Availability of new technology, hardware and training

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

Yes

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

Emissions of the present bus fleet for public transport in the city of Budapest are estimated based upon:

- number and type of buses in the fleet

- emission data for various pollutants and engine types based upon a standardized emission test which is used for official certification

- fuel consumption data and an average of 65,000 km driving per bus per year

E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

Four scenarios have been established for the replacement of diesel buses in the present public transport fleet in the city of Budapest. In the "average" scenario 1030 (of a total of 1530) diesel buses are replaced by CNG buses.

To calculate the emission figures the so-called A13-mode@ (an offical certification test) emission figures for RABA and DAF were collected. These figures were transformed into on-the-road emission figures with correction for the known consumption figures of the Hungarian buses.

Environmental benefits are calculated using:

- number of buses replaced

- emission data of the new CNG fueled engine based upon the same standardized emission test which is used for official certification

- fuel consumption data and an average of 65,000 km driving per bus per year

Fill in the following tables as applicable:

E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reductions (in kton per year):

GHG

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year X

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

120.2

120.2

CH4

N2O

other CO

THC

NOx

PM

0.746

0.269

2.420

0.096

0.746

0.269

2.420

0.096

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

120.2 *

112.8

CH4

N2O

other CO

THC

NOx

PM

0.746 *

0.269 *

2.420 *

0.096 *

0.130

0.120

1.092

0.022

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

0

7.4

CH4

N2O

Other CO

THC

NOx

PM

0

0

0

0

0.616

0.149

1.328

0.074

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

**

**

CH4

N2O

Other

**

**

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

* No market penetration of CNG buses at start of the project. In year X full penetration (1030 out of 1530 buses have been replaced with a CNG engine)

THC = total hydro carbons; PM = particulate matter

** Not estimated, depends on the market penetration rate of the CNG bus.

E.2.2) Summary table: Actual emission reductions (in kton per year):

GHG

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year X

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

120.2

120.2

CH4

N2O

other CO

THC

NOx

PM

0.746

0.269

2.420

0.096

0.746

0.269

2.420

0.096

B) Project activity dataa)

CO2

**

**

CH4

N2O

other

**

**

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

**

**

CH4

N2O

Other

**

**

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

**

**

CH4

N2O

Other

**

**

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

** No buses with CNG engines sold yet at this moment.

F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate

Source of project funding

including pre-feasibility phase

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

Netherlands Government

452,000

Hungarian Government

466,000

Other Hungarian sources

255.000

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

Describe briefly the transfer of environmenally sound technology and know-how including where appropriate the type of technology, terms, education, capactity building etc.

The project aims specifically at the transfer of environmentally sound technology (in this case the CNG fueled engine) to Hungary.

Within the framework of this project the following contributions to capacity building have been reached:

party

capacity enhanced

RABA

In addition to existing production capabilities for producing diesel engines for buses RABA has has acquired and proven the capability to produce engines for gaseous fuels, such as natural gas. It will also be proven that these engines will run undisturbed under normal, commercial operating conditions

IKARUS

In addition to the present capacity of producing buses running on diesel, IKARUS has enhanced its capacity by producing a bus with a gas engine and built-in equipment for storage of CNG. It will also be proven that these buses will run undisturbed under normal, commercial operating conditions

KTI,

AUTOKUT

KTI and AUTOKUT have both enhanced their capacity by extending their expertise in the static testing of engines to a new type of engine

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Fill in as appropriate:

H. 1) Any practical experience gained:

H. 2) Technical difficulties:

H. 3) negative impacts and/or effects encountered:

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental negative impacts/effects in detail:

Not to be expected

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental negative impacts/effects?

Yes

Describe social/cultural negative impacts/effects in detail:

Not to be expected

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social negative impacts/effects?

No

Describe economic negative impacts/effects in detail:

Exploitation of CNG fueled buses may be more expensive than existing conventional diesel buses with which this new bus type has to compete. The disadvantage will disappear as soon as diesel buses have to comply with EURO-standards

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic negative impacts/effects?

Yes

H. 4) Other obstacles encountered:

H. 5) Other: