Notes on GHG data
The data interface includes GHG data received by the UNFCCC secretariat as of 05 March 2014.
The reporting and review requirements for GHG inventories are different for Annex I and non-Annex I Parties.
Annex I Parties report their GHG inventories annually by 15 April. Non-Annex I GHG data are reported in
national communications, which are submitted at different points in time.
Upon entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009, the European Community was replaced and
succeeded by the European Union.
The data are reproduced here as reported, with the exception of corrections of typographical or calculation
errors or omissions. Note also the following:
Because of rounding, totals and subtotals may differ from the sum of the individual components.
In estimation of CO2 emissions using reference approach, Parties first report the apparent
consumption in either physical (bbl, 106l, and grams) or energy (oil eq. and joules) units and
then converted into energy units if it is reported in physical units. The data interface contains data on
apparent consumption as reported and also the converted ones. However, due to technical reasons, the
apparent consumption in energy units is reflected as fuel consumption.
Three modules of the GHG data interface (Detailed data by Party, Comparison by Gas and Comparison by Category)
use "---" to indicate that no data have been reported; "*" to indicate that data are
reported with notation keys (IE, NA, NE, NO); and "n.a." to indicate that the selection is not
applicable for the Party. For the Flexible queries and Compilation and accounting data modules, all (no data
reported, data reported with notation keys and not applicable) are shown as blank/empty cells. For the
user-defined indicators module, "--" is used to indicate that either no data are available or the
ratio cannot be calculated; "n.a." is used to mean that the selection is not applicable to the Party.
GHG Data - UNFCCC
Under the Convention, Parties are grouped together according to differing commitments. Such groups are:
Annex I Parties include the
industrialized countries that were members of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development) in 1992, plus countries with economies in transition (the EIT Parties), including the Russian
Federation, and several Central and Eastern European States. This group can be further sub-grouped into
Annex I (Economies in Transition)
EITs include countries that are Annex I but undergoing the process of transition to market
Annex I non-EITs include the rest of the Annex I countries which are not grouped as Annex I EITs.
Non-Annex I Parties are mostly
The UNFCCC data interface contains some data on population and gross domestic product (GDP), which are shown in
order to illustrate the national context for GHG emissions/removals. The source of the population data is the
UNSD Demographic Statistics but data are accessed through the Common Database of the United Nations Statistics Division; the source of the GDP data (at market
prices, constant 2000 US$) is the World Bank.
These data are displayed on the GHG data interface with the kind permission of the United Nations and the World
Bank; the United Nations and the World Bank have regulations concerning the use of their data and these
organizations must be consulted before downloading population and GDP data for further use. The country area
data is taken from the Statistical Database of
the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Base year data in the GHG data interface relate to the base year under the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC),
which is a year with a historical level of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases not controlled by the
Montreal Protocol chosen as a reference (Article 4.6 of the Convention). The base year under the Convention is
defined slightly differently than the base year under the Kyoto Protocol. An exception is made for European
Union (15) whereby the base year under the Kyoto Protocol is displayed. The base year emissions under the Kyoto
Protocol are provided in the data interface under the KP data - UNFCCC section.
The definition format of data for emissions/removals from the forestry sector
is different for Annex I and non-Annex I Parties. For Annex I Parties, the sector is called Land Use, Land-use
Change and Forestry (LULUCF) whereas for non-Annex I Parties, it is called Land-use Change and Forestry (LUCF).
These two definitions are close but not equivalent.
Annex I Parties report GHG data in the common reporting format (CRF). The CRF data prepared using the CRF
Reporter software are readily available for import into the GHG database. Non-Annex I Parties do not use the
CRF Reporter software because of the difference in reporting requirements and therefore the GHG data reported
by non-Annex I Parties need to be processed manually before the data reported can be imported into the UNFCCC
GHG database and displayed as part of the GHG data interface. Due to resource limitations at the UNFCCC
secretariat, activity data and implied emission factors reported in initial national communications could not
be prepared for import into the GHG database except for six Parties, which have been selected as test cases.
These six non-Annex I Parties are Argentina, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Mozambique, Uruguay and Venezuela. Activity
data and implied emission factors for other non-Annex I Parties will be added to the data interface, to the
extent they were reported and subject to resource availability.
Some of the source categories under the industrial processes sector have unique country specific activity data
depending on the national circumstances. For such source category, the data interface does not provide
description of activity data and is noted by the generic term 'activity data'. However, the details on
the description of the activity data can be found in the CRF tables reported by
the respective Parties.
As per the decisions 9/CP.2 and 11/CP.4, some of the Parties are allowed to use a
base year other than 1990. These Parties and their base years are Bulgaria (1988), Hungary (average of
1985-1987), Poland (1988), Romania (1989) and Slovenia (1986).
Decision 26/CP.7 invited Parties to recognize the special
circumstances of Turkey, which place it in a situation different from that of other Parties included in Annex I
to the Convention.
Emission estimates of the 15 member States prior to May 2004 (EU-15) and of EU-27 are reported separately from
those of its individual member States. Both estimates are not included in the Annex I totals in order to avoid
Bolivia and Mexico reported in their national communications potential HFC emissions. However, both Parties
included those estimates in their national GHG totals, therefore they are not displayed in the data interface.
The GHG inventory submitted by Sierra Leone for the period 1990-1995 appears to contain technical errors,
especially for the Agriculture and LUCF Sectors. Therefore, this inventory is currently not included in the
Some non-Annex I Parties (Cook Islands, Jamaica, Kiribati, Malawi, Samoa, South Africa and Swaziland) submitted
GHG inventory data in their second national communications; however, because they used the 2006 IPCC Guidelines
in estimating GHG emissions/removals these data could not be incuded in the data interface. The same is true of
Mexico's fifth nation communication, which could also not be included because of the use of 2006 IPCC
KP Data - UNFCCC
Under the Kyoto Protocol, Annex I Parties that are also Parties to the Kyoto Protocol with commitments
inscribed in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol (Annex B Parties) should submit a national GHG inventory, as
required under the Convention, as well as supplementary information on its implementation of the Kyoto Protocol
that covers the Party's holdings and transactions of Kyoto Protocol units (for the previous year), and
emissions and removals from land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) activities under Article 3,
paragraphs 3 and 4, of the Kyoto Protocol.
Similar to Annex I Parties, Annex B Parties can be sub-grouped into two:
Annex B (Economies in Transition) EITs
Annex B non-EITs
Eight Annex B Parties elected annual reporting for LULUCF activities under Article 3.3 and 3.4 of the Kyoto
Protocol. These Parties are Australia, Denmark, France, Hungary, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Switzerland and Russian
Federation. For these Parties, accounting quantity data for LULUCF activities are presented on the data
interface. Since such data are not available for all Annex B Parties, total for Annex B groups cannot
Belarus was included in Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol with quantified emission reduction commitment of 92 per
cent through an amendment to Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol (decision 10/CMP.2). As of this release, this amendment has not
been ratified by a sufficient numer of Parties to enter into force.
For the purpose of reporting under the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union submits two sets of standard
electronic format (SEF) tables -- one for the European Union (15) and another for the European Union (Community
Data of the European Union (15) are included in the calculation of the totals for Annex B groups (i.e. Annex B
and Annex B non-EIT), and data of individual member States are excluded. The data of the European Union
(Community Regisry) is also included in the calculation of the totals of Kyoto Protocol units for Annex B