This page provides access to greenhouse gas (GHG)
data for Annex I Parties in a "map" format which complements the same data presented
elsewhere on the UNFCCC data interface in tabular and graphical formats. Information is provided on
anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of the six principal GHGs for the period
from the base year to the latest available year, which is usually 2 years before the current year.
GHG inventories are developed by Parties to the Convention using comparable methodologies agreed upon
by the Conference of Parties. At present, all Annex I Parties base their GHG inventories on the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Revised Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas
Inventories (1996), IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas
Inventories (2000) and IPCC Good Practice Guidance on Land Use, Land-use Change and Forestry (2003).
Only key GHG data, such as national totals and emissions/removals for the major sectors/sub-sectors,
are provided in this part of the GHG data interface. For more detailed information, other parts of
the interface should be used, such as "Detailed data by Party" or "Flexible
By default, the map shows changes in total aggregate GHG emissions (including emissions/removals from
the LULUCF sector) between the base year defined under the Climate Change Convention and the latest
available year. To display other data, the user should select options from the three dropdown lists,
as shown below. In essence, a combination of sector/subsector, gas and year has to be selected.
Depending on the selections made, the appearance of the map and the list below it are automatically
The map is interactive so that with the use of the scroll bars, one can move the view of the map up,
down, to the right or to the left, and also zoom it in or out. There are markers attached to
countries; when the cursor is placed on a marker, information on total GHG emissions for that country
is displayed. Note that such markets become visible only when the resolution of the map is
sufficient; for example, to see markers for relatively small countries one has to zoom in the map
The list underneath the map is by default sorted by value in ascending order. To change the sorting
order (such as sorting by Party name), click on one of the sorting options (see the screenshot
below). The Party names on the list, as well as the tags on the map, link to the emission details for
that Party, which includes: (1) a summary table by sector and (2) a graphical representation of the
contribution of each sector to the national total including LULUCF.
The 'Full report' is a hyperlink to the GHG profile (in PDF) for that Party.
The definitions of the different fields used in the map are as follows:
Sector or sub-sector: GHG emissions/removals estimates
are presented in accordance with the categories (sectors, sub-sectors or even more detailed
categories) as defined in the IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories (1996) which cover
most activities emitting or removing GHGs. A complete list of the sectors and their definitions
is provided in Chapter 1 of the Volume 1 (Reporting Instructions) of the Revised 1996 IPCC
Guidelines for National GHG Inventories. It can be accessed on the IPCC website at
http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gl/guidelin/ch1ri.pdf. For methodological reasons,
although GHG emissions from international bunkers (aviation and marine) are included in the list
of the sectors, those emissions are excluded from national totals.
In addition to the sectors and/or sub-sectors, GHG emissions/removals data are also presented for
total GHG emissions or “totals”. There are two kinds of totals: total emissions
including LULUCF or “net total emissions”, and total emissions excluding LULUCF or
“gross total emissions”. LULUCF stands for Land Use, Land-use Change and Forestry,
and is the only sector that may emit into or remove GHGs from the atmosphere depending on whether
the sector or sub-sector is a source or a sink.
Gas: In estimating the national anthropogenic GHG emissions
by sources and removals by sinks, the six principal gases that are not controlled by the Montreal
Protocol are taken into account. These six gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane
(CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons
(PFCs), and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). The term "aggregate GHGs" refers to
a sum of these six gases; the sum is taken using the so-called Global Warming Potentials (GWPs)
of each gas. The use of GWPs converts emissions/removals of various GHGs into the so-called
Inventory Year: There are two years that are relevant for
the GHG inventories submitted by the Parties: submission year and inventory year. Submission year
refers to the year in which the GHG inventory is submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat while
inventory year refers to the year for which the GHG emissions/removals data are estimated. Under
the process of the Climate Change Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, the inventory year lags the
submission year by 2 years, e.g., in 2008, Parties submitted GHG inventories with 2006 as the
latest available year. In addition to the emissions time series from 1990 to the latest available
year, the users also have the option to select a series with changes from the base year to the
latest available year, and a change over the period 1990 to the latest available year. The base
year for Annex I Parties under the Climate Change Convention is normally 1990 but some Parties
are allowed to use a base year other than 1990. These Parties and their base years are Bulgaria
(1988), Hungary (average of 1985-1987), Poland (1988), Romania (1989) and Slovenia (1986).
Color legend: The color legend bar shows the
relationship between the colors in the map and the values. The color gradients ranging from light
purple to blue indicate absolute emissions (if emissions data are displayed on the map) or
positive growth (if a trend is displayed); those ranging from light to dark green indicate carbon
sinks (for emissions/removals data) or negative growth (for trend data); and yellow nuances
indicate growth rates close to 0%. For the LULUCF sector, the gradients of green show removals,
while the gradients of purple show emissions.
The scale of the bar dynamic and is dependent on the range of values for a particular
European Union: European Union (27) refers to the 27
member States of the European Union and is a Party to the Convention. European Union (15) is
a Party to the Kyoto Protocol and refers to the 15 member States prior to May 2004 (Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland).