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Information on Data Sources

The GHG data displayed on the UNFCCC website are data from official submissions of GHG emissions/removals data by countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention. Data displayed on the data interface are "as received" from Parties. The publication of Party submissions on this website does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the UNFCCC or the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries as may be referred to in any of the submissions.

The original version of the data as submitted by Parties are available on the UNFCCC website at the following links:

  • For Annex I Parties, the latest submissions of GHG data can be found here
  • For non-Annex I Parties, the sources of GHG data are the national communications and the biennial update reports; the list of submitted communications can be found here, and the list of submitted biennial update reports can be found here

The UNFCCC data interface also contains data on population and gross domestic product (GDP). These data are displayed on the GHG data interface with kind permission of the United Nations and the World Bank, which are the primary sources of these data. They have certain policies in place concerning the use of their data and these organizations must be consulted before downloading population and GDP data for further use.

  • For population data, the source is the UNSD Demographic Statistics accessible through the Common Database of the United Nations.
  • For GDP data (at market prices, constant 2010 US$), the primary source is the World Bank.

Sources and availability of GHG data for Annex I Parties

Party Data source(s) Data availability by year
Australia GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 27 May 2017
1990-2015
Austria GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 12 April 2017
1990-2015
Belarus GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 01 June 2017
1990-2015
Belgium GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 11 April 2017
1990-2015
Bulgaria GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 11 April 2017
1988 (base year), 1989-2015
Canada GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 13 April 2017
1990-2015
Croatia GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 26 May 2017
1990-2015
Cyprus GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 07 November 2017
1990-2015
Czech Republic GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 05 May 2017
1990-2015
Denmark GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 27 May 2017
1990-2015
Estonia GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 13 April 2017
1990-2015
European Union GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 31 May 2017
1990-2015
Finland GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 11 April 2017
1990-2015
France GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 13 April 2017
1990-2015
Germany GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 11 April 2017
1990-2015
Greece GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 11 April 2017
1985-87 (base year),
1985-2015
Hungary GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 23 October 2017
1990-2015
Iceland GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 31 August 2017
1990-2015
Ireland GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 12 April 2017
1990-2015
Italy GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 11 April 2017
1990-2015
Japan GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 13 April 2017
1990-2015
Kazakhstan GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 17 November 2017
1990-2015
Latvia GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 13 April 2017
1990-2015
Liechtenstein GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 27 March 2017
1990-2015
Lithuania GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 14 April 2017
1990-2015
Luxembourg GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 06 April 2017
1990-2015
Malta GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 15 June 2017
1990-2015
Monaco GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 20 April 2017
1990-2015
Netherlands GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 14 April 2017
1990-2015
New Zealand GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 26 May 2017
1990-2015
Norway GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 07 April 2017
1990-2015
Poland GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 26 May 2017
1988 (base year),
1989-2015
Portugal GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 25 May 2017
1990-2015
Romania GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 14 April 2017
1989 (base year),
1990-2015
Russian Federation GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 25 July 2017
1990-2015
Slovakia GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 11 April 2017
1990-2015
Slovenia GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 12 April 2017
1986 (base year),
1987-2015
Spain GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 12 April 2017
1990-2015
Sweden GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 12 April 2017
1990-2015
Switzerland GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 13 April 2017
1990-2015
Turkey GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date:14 April 2017
1990-2015
Ukraine GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 20 October 2017
1990-2015
United Kingdom GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 13 April 2017
1990-2015
United States GHG inventory submission of 2017
Submission date: 14 April 2017
1990-2015

Note: Data availability for CO2, CH4, N2O is meant in this table; data availability for HFCs, PFCs and SF6 varies considerably from Party to Party.

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Sources and availability of GHG data for non-Annex I Parties

Party Data source Data availability by year a
Afghanistan NC1 (2013) 2005
Albania NC2 (2009)
NC3 (2016)
1990-1999
2000-2009
Algeria NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Angola NC1 (2012) 2000, 2005
Antigua and Barbuda NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2011)
1990
2000
Argentina NC2 (2008)
NC3 (2015)
BUR1 (2015)
1990, 1994, 1997, 2000
2012
2010
Armenia NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2014)
1990
2000, 2006, 2010
Azerbaijan NC3 (2016)
BUR1 (2015)
1990, 2000, 2005-2012
1991, 1999, 2001-2004
Bahamas NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2015)
1990, 1994
2000
Bahrain NC1 (2005)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Bangladesh NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2001, 2005
Barbados NC1 (2001) 1990, 1994, 1997
Belize NC1 (2002)
NC3 (2016)
1994
2000, 2003, 2006, 2009
Benin NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2011)
1995
2000
Bhutan NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2011)
1994
2000
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2009)
1990, 1994, 1998, 2000
2002, 2004
Bosnia and Herzegovina NC1 (2010)
NC2 (2013)
NC3 (2017)
BUR2 (2017)
1990
1991-2001
2002-2013
2014
Botswana NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2000
Brazil NC3 (2016)
BUR2 (2017)
1990-2010
2012
Brunei Darussalam NC1 (2016) 2010
Burkina Faso NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2015)
1994
2007
Burundi NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1998
2005
Cambodia NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2016)
1994
2000
Cameroon NC1 (2005)
NC2 (2016)
1994
2000
Cape Verde NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2011)
1995
2000
Central African Republic NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2015)
1994
2003-2010
Chad NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2013)
1993
1998-2003
Chile NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2011)
BUR1 (2014)
1993
2006
1994, 2000, 2010
China NC1 (2004)
NC2 (2012)
BUR1 (2017)
1994
2005
2012
Colombia NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1990, 1994
2000, 2004
Comoros NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2000
Congo NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2009)
1994
2000
Cook Islands NC1 (1999) 1994
Costa Rica NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2009)
1990, 1996
2000, 2005
Côte d'Ivoire NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Cuba NC2 (2015) 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002
Democratic People's Republic of Korea NC2 (2013) 1990, 1994, 2000, 2002
Democratic Republic of the Congo NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2009)
1994
1999-2003
Djibouti NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2000
Dominica NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000-2005
Dominican Republic NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2009)
1990, 1984
1998, 2000
Ecuador NC2 (2012)
NC3 (2017)
BUR1 (2016)
BUR1 (2017)
1990, 1994, 2000, 2006
2012
2010
2010
Egypt NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2016)
1990
2000
2005
El Salvador NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2005
Eritrea NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2012)
1994-1999
2000
Ethiopia NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2016)
1990-1993
1994-2013
Fiji NC1 (2006)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2004
Gabon NC1 (2004)
NC2 (2011)
1994
2000
Gambia NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2013)
1993
2000
Georgia NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2009)
NC3 (2016)
BUR1 (2016)
1990-1997
2000-2005
2006-2009
2010-2013
Ghana NC2 (2011) 1990-2006
Grenada NC1 (2000) 1994
Guatemala NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2016)
1990
1994, 2000, 2005
Guinea NC1 (2002) 1994
Guinea-Bissau NC1 (2005)
NC2 (2011)
1994
2006
Guyana NC2 (2012) 1990-2004
Haiti NC2 (2013) 1994-2000
Honduras NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1995
2000
India BUR1 (2016)
NC1 (2004)
NC2 (2012)
2010
1994
2000
Indonesia NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2011)
1990-1994
2000
Iran (Islamic Republic of) NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2011)
1994
2000
Iraq  NC1 (2015)  1997
Israel  BUR1 (2016)
INV (2015)
 2013
1996, 2000, 2003-2012
Jamaica NC1 (2000) 1994
Jordan NC1 (1997)
NC2 (2009)
NC3 (2014)
1994
2000
2006
Kenya NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2015)
1994
1995, 2000, 2005, 2010
Kiribati NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2004-2008
Kuwait NC1 (2012) 1994
Kyrgyzstan NC3 (2017) 1990-2010
Lao People's Democratic Republic NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2013)
1990
2000
Lebanon NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2011)
NC3 (2016)
BUR1 (2015)
BUR2 (2017)
1994
2000
2012
2011
2013
Lesotho NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2000
Liberia NC1 (2013) 2000
Madagascar NC1 (2004)
NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2017)
1994
2000
2005-2010
Malawi NC1 (2003) 1990, 1994
Malaysia BUR1 (2016) 1990-2011
Maldives NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2016)
1994
2011
Mali NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1995
2000
Marshall Islands NC2 (2015) 2000, 2005, 2010
Mauritania NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2008)
1995
2000
Mauritius NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2011)
NC3 (2017)
1995
2000-2005
2006, 2013
Mexico BUR1 (2015) 1990-2013
Micronesia (Federated States of) NC1 (1997)
NC2 (2015)
1994
2000
Mongolia NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1990-1998
2006
Montenegro NC2 (2015) 1990-2011
Morocco NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2016)
1994
2000
2004-2006, 2008, 2010,2012
Mozambique NC1 (2006) 1990, 1994
Myanmar NC1 (2012) 2000-2005
Namibia NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2011)
1994
2000
Nauru NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2015)
1994
2000, 2003, 2007, 2010
Nepal NC1 (2004)
NC2 (2015)
1994
2000
Nicaragua NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2011)
1994
2000
Niger NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2009)
NC3 (2017)
1990
2000
2008
Nigeria NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2000
Niue NC2 (2016) 1994, 2000, 2005-2009
Oman NC1 (2013) 1994
Pakistan NC1 (2003) 1994
Palau NC1 (2003) 1994-2000
Palestine  NC1 (2016)  2011
Panama NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Papua New Guinea NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2015)
1994
2000
Paraguay NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2011)
NC3 (2017)
BUR1 (2015)
1990
2000
1994, 2005, 2012
2011
Peru NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2016)
BUR1 (2014)
1994
2000
2012
2010
Philippines NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2000
Qatar NC1 (2011) 2007
Republic of Korea BUR2 (2017) 1990-2014
Republic of Moldova BUR1 (2016) 1990-2013
Rwanda NC1 (2005)
NC2 (2012)
2002
2005
Saint Kitts and Nevis NC1 (2001) 1994
Saint Lucia NC1 (2001)
NC3 (2017)
1994
2000, 2005, 2010
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2016)
1990, 1994, 1997
2000, 2004
Samoa NC1 (1999) 1994
San Marino NC1 (2009)
NC3 (2013)
2007
2010
São Tomé and Príncipe NC2 (2012) 1998, 2005
 Saudi Arabia NC1 (2005)
NC2 (2011)
NC3 (2016)
 1990
2000
2010
Senegal NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2016)
2000
2005
Serbia NC1 (2010) 1990, 1998
Seychelles NC2 (2013) 1995, 2000
Sierra Leone NC2 (2012) 1996- 2005b
Singapore NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2014)
BUR2 (2016)
1994
2000
2010
2012
Solomon Islands NC1 (2004)
NC2 (2017)
1994
2000, 2005, 2010
South Africa NC1 (2003) 1990, 1994
Sri Lanka NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1993-1995
2000
Sudan NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2013)
1995
2000
Suriname NC1 (2006) 2003
Swaziland NC1 (2002) 1994
Syrian Arab Republic NC1 (2010) 1994-2005
Tajikistan NC2 (2008)
NC3 (2014)
1990-2002
2003-2010
Thailand NC1 (2000)
NC2 (2011)
BUR1 (2015)
1994
2000
2011
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia NC2 (2009)
NC3 (2014)
1990-2002
2003-2009
Timor-Leste NC1 (2014) 2010
 Togo NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2011)
NC3 (2015)
 1992-1998
2000
2005
Tonga NC1 (2005)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Trinidad and Tobago NC1 (2001) 1990
Tunisia NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2000
Turkmenistan NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2016)
1994, 2004
2000, 2010
Tuvalu NC1 (1999) 1994
Uganda NC1 (2002)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2000
United Arab Emirates NC1 (2007)
NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2013)
1994
2000
2005
United Republic of Tanzania NC1 (2003) 1990, 1994
Uruguay NC4 (2016)
NC4 (2017)
1990, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010
2012
Uzbekistan NC3 (2017) 1990-2012
Vanuatu NC1 (1999)
NC2 (2016)
1994
2000
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) NC1 (2005) 1999
Viet Nam NC1 (2003)
NC2 (2010)
BUR1 (2014)
1994
2000
2010
Yemen NC1 (2001)
NC2 (2013)
1995
2000
Zambia NC1 (2004)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2000
Zimbabwe NC1 (1998)
NC2 (2013)
NC3 (2017)
1994
2000
2006

Note: NCI = initial national communication; NC2 = second national communication; NC3 = third national communication; NC4 = fourth national communication; INV = separate GHG inventory; BUR1 = first biennial update report; BUR2 = second biennial update report. The "–" symbol indicates that data are not available, because either the initial national communication is not yet available, or GHG data from the national communication have not yet been processed and included in the database, or the national communication does not contain GHG data.
a Data are considered as available if data on CO2 emissions without LUCF are available; the availability of data on other GHGs may be different.
bThe GHG inventory submitted by Sierra Leone for the period 1990-1995 appears to contain technical errors, esp., for the Agriculture and LUCF Sectors. Therefore, this inventory is currently not included in the data interface

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