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Gender and Climate Change
What is the connection and why is it important?

Climate change has a greater impact on those sections of the population, in all countries, that are most reliant on natural resources for their livelihoods and/or who have the least capacity to respond to natural hazards, such as droughts, landslides, floods and hurricanes. Women commonly face higher risks and greater burdens from the impacts of climate change in situations of poverty, and the majority of the world’s poor are women. Women’s unequal participation in decision-making processes and labour markets compound inequalities and often prevent women from fully contributing to climate-related planning, policy-making and implementation.

Yet, women can (and do) play a critical role in response to climate change due to their local knowledge of and leadership in e.g. sustainable resource management and/or leading sustainable practices at the household and community level. Women’s participation at the political level has resulted in greater responsiveness to citizen’s needs, often increasing cooperation across party and ethnic lines and delivering more sustainable peace. At the local level, women’s inclusion at the leadership level has lead to improved outcomes of climate related projects and policies. On the contrary, if policies or projects are implemented without women’s meaningful participation it can increase existing inequalities and decrease effectiveness.

Latest information
In accordance with decision 18/CP.20 an in-session workshop took place 18 and 19 May 2016 during SBI 44 taking into account the submissions received by Parties and admitted observer organizations.

New! Gender composition. Report by the secretariat

Workshop report

pdf-icon Overview Presentation (274 kB)

Guidelines and tools for integrating gender considerations in climate change activities (FCCC/TP/2016/2). Additional resources related to the technical paper can be found here.

Gender and climate change. Draft conclusions proposed by the Chair

Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment
The 4th Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment took place on 18 and 19 May 2016, during SBI 44, and focused on public participation, public awareness, public access to information and international cooperation on these matters. more >>
Momentum for Change
Momentum for Change is an initiative spearheaded by the UN Climate Change secretariat to shine a light on the enormous groundswell of activities underway across the globe that are moving the world toward a highly resilient, low-carbon future. more>>

"Women for results" is one of four focus areas for Momentum for Change

Parties to the UNFCCC have recognized the importance of involving women and men equally in UNFCCC processes and in the development and implementation of national climate policies that are gender-responsive by establishing a dedicated agenda item under the Convention addressing issues of gender and climate change and by including overarching text in the Paris Agreement.

Contact: Gender Team