ONU Changements climatiques Infos, 17 octobre 2018 – Avant la réunion du Fonds vert pour le climat (GCF) du mardi 16 octobre à Bahreïn, Patricia Espinosa, Secrétaire exécutive de l'ONU Changements climatiques, a souligné l'importance d'une issue positive de la réunion et l'impact qu'elle aura sur le résultat de la Conférence des Nations Unies sur le changement climatique, la COP24, en décembre prochain à Katowice.
Dans son allocution, Mme Espinosa a souligné le rôle crucial que joue le cadre de coopération mondiale dans l'appui au passage des pays en développement à des voies à faibles émissions et résilientes au climat.
« Pour réussir dans ce domaine, il faut envoyer un message de confiance clair et sans équivoque aux pays en développement, leur indiquant qu'ils peuvent avoir confiance dans le processus à venir », a-t-elle dit.
La réunion du GCF de Bahreïn a lieu peu de temps après la publication du Rapport spécial du Groupe d'experts intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat (GIEC) sur les conséquences d’un réchauffement planétaire de 1,5°C, dans lequel figure un niveau d'urgence sans précédent pour faire face au changement climatique.
Etant donné que le changement climatique a le potentiel d'une déstabilisation massive dans le monde entier, Patricia Espinosa a plaidé avec passion pour que le financement du climat ne soit pas seulement une question technique, mais aussi une question à forte dimension humaine :
« En matière de changement climatique, la finance, c'est plus que de l'argent. Il s'agit d'aider les personnes touchées par les changements climatiques. Il s'agit de réduire leur souffrance. Et, dans certains cas, il s'agit de sauver des vies », dit-elle.
Ci-dessous le texte complet de l'intervention de Patricia Espinosa (en anglais):
Thank you to the Kingdom of Bahrain for hosting this important board meeting of the Green Climate Fund.
The GCF is close to my heart—I was the COP President when it was established at COP16 in Cancun.
Much has changed since then: both in the climate change process and throughout the world.
While many accomplishments have moved us forward, such as the signing of the Paris Agreement, the stark reality is that today we’re in a race against time and we’re falling behind.
The recent Special Report from the IPCC emphasizes just how little time remains to limit global temperature rise to 1.5C.
Never have we faced the urgency we do now. Never has the need for solutions been greater. Never has there been more need for multilateral cooperation. And never has finance played a more central role to the overall climate regime itself.
With that urgency as a backdrop, and with the climate regime entering one of its most crucial and defining periods, expectations for the GCF and this meeting are very high.
At COP24 in December, Parties must achieve one clear goal: finalizing the Paris Agreement Work Program.
This is more than a set of rules, it will unleash the power of the Agreement itself.
The outcome of this session of the GCF will impact those negotiations in Katowice.
Success here means sending a clear and unmistakable message of trust to developing countries that they can have confidence in the process going forward.
Replenishing the GCF will allow it to continue playing a critical role in supporting developing countries shift to a low-emission and climate-resilient path.
Ladies and gentlemen, we recognize that the GCF is a very young institution that has made progress since its inception.
We congratulate you on this work as you continue building a stronger and more vibrant institution over the long-term.
At the same time, the GCF, like any other new institution, continues to evolve.
In addition to the launching of the replenishment process, we see three other challenges facing the GCF going forward.
The first challenge is addressing existing policy gaps.
While other gaps exist, one is the lack of a regulatory framework allowing for a proper assessment of projects.
This is an important policy gap—particularly now that the number of projects in the pipeline far exceeds available financial resources.
This must be addressed for the GCF to prioritize projects for funding.
The second challenge is the implementation of GCF projects that have already been approved.
Although the number of projects that have their Funded Activity Agreements signed has increased over the past two years, the number is still too low.
As of April 2018, only 26 projects out of the 76 approved have started implementation and $158 million has been disbursed.
This represents only 13 per cent of total value of the projects under implementation and only 4 per cent of total GCF funding.
The delay in the signing of Funded Activity Agreements for approved projects is slowing down the implementation of projects.
Finally, going forward, the GCF must learn from its experience and anticipate future requirements by assessing:
- whether its policies have resulted in the desired outcomes;
- and to what extent they are aligned with the scale and pace required for a successful implementation of the Paris Agreement.
These are immediate and significant issues, but the benefits of addressing them are clear.
They will help deliver the much-needed climate financing support for developing countries, particularly the most vulnerable.
And as I said before, they’ll allow the GCF to continue playing a critical role in supporting developing countries shift to low-emission and climate-resilient development paths.
Looking deeper, because climate change is connected to some of humanity’s biggest challenges, proper financing can also help tackle issues such as poverty, migration, equality and more—issues reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals.
Not achieving these goals—addressing climate change is Goal 13 on that list—could lead to great destabilization throughout the world. If we think it’s bad now, a business-as-usual approach will make things much, much worse.
And let’s remember: when it comes to climate change, finance is about more than money.
It’s about helping people impacted by climate change. It’s about reducing their suffering. And, in some cases, it’s about saving lives.
Ladies and gentlemen,
We face an unprecedented level of urgency to address climate change. I cannot stress this enough. The Special Report by the IPCC made this very clear.
The time has come to put aside differences where they exist and work together to achieve our common climate goals.
Climate change recognizes no boundaries—political or otherwise—it is coming all the same. Our approach must be one of unity.
Let us therefore embrace our challenges. Let us exceed expectations. Let us build the trust that is needed. And let these meetings provide the results.