Discours de l’ONU Changements Climatiques / 14 juil, 2018
Au Vatican, Patricia Espinosa appelle à une "Arche de l'Ambition Climatique"

ONU Changements climatiques Infos – Au Vatican, jeudi 5 juillet à Rome, Patricia Espinosa, la Secrétaire exécutive de l’ONU Changements climatiques, a appelé à "Une arche d'ambition" pour lutter contre le changement climatique.

Faisant allusion à l'arche de Noé, le vaisseau biblique qui a sauvé l'humanité de l'extinction, et à la nécessité d’atteindre le pic d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre et de les réduire radicalement dès que possible afin d'éviter les pires impacts du changement climatique, dont de graves inondations et l'élévation du niveau de la mer, elle a dit :

« Si nous voulons vraiment apporter les changements fondamentaux et transformateurs [nécessaires pour lutter contre le changement climatique], ce dont nous avons besoin n'est peut-être pas d'une arche physique, mais d'une arche d'ambition. »

La Secrétaire exécutive de l'ONU Changements climatiques s'exprimait lors d'une conférence internationale intitulée "Sauver notre Maison commune et l'Avenir de la Vie sur terre" au Vatican (5 et 6 juillet).

Organisée à l'occasion du troisième anniversaire de l'encyclique "Laudato Sì" du Pape François, cette manifestation réunissait des responsables du Vatican et des experts du climat.

Mme Espinosa a lancé un vibrant appel aux dirigeants de toutes les religions afin qu'ils tiennent compte des nombreux signes avant-coureurs de l'accélération du changement climatique et prennent conscience de ses conséquences:

« Le changement climatique se moque de savoir si nous sommes chrétiens, musulmans, juifs, hindous, bouddhistes ou autres, mais grâce à une unité d'efforts, nous pouvons y faire face », a-t-elle dit.

Au Vatican, Mme Espinosa a souligné les principales tâches que les nations doivent accomplir pour lutter efficacement contre le changement climatique – notamment mettre la dernière main aux lignes directrices de mise en œuvre de l'Accord de Paris sur le changement climatique cette année, et respecter leurs promesses de fournir 100 milliards de dollars par an d'ici 2020 pour soutenir les efforts d'action climatique des pays en développement.

Revoir le discours de Mme Espinosa ici ou lisez l'intégralité de ses remarques ci-dessous.

Le pape François: la COP24 pourrait faire date sur la voie tracée à Paris

Le vendredi 6 juillet, le Pape François a reçu les participants à la conférence. « Votre présence ici est un signe de votre engagement à prendre des mesures concrètes pour sauver la planète et la vie qu'elle assure, inspiré par l'hypothèse de l'encyclique selon laquelle “tout est lié”. Ce principe est au cœur d'une écologie intégrale », a déclaré le pape François

Le souverain pontife a souligné les « analyses de plus en plus précises » de la communauté scientifique en matière d'environnement. « Il y a un réel danger que nous ne laissions aux générations futures que des décombres, des déserts et des déchets », a-t-il déploré.

Il a exprimé l'espoir que le « souci de l'état de notre maison commune » se traduise par des actions concrètes pour préserver l'environnement. Il a notamment appelé les gouvernements à honorer leurs engagements dans le cadre de l'Accord de Paris 2015 « afin d'éviter les pires conséquences de la crise climatique. » Le Sommet de la COP24, a-t-il dit, « pourrait faire date sur la voie tracée » par l'Accord.

Le Pape François a ajouté: « Les défis ne manquent pas » et a encouragé les participants en les encourageant à: « Continuer de travailler pour le changement radical que les circonstances actuelles exigent. L'injustice n'est pas invincible. »

Lisez l'intégralité de ses remarques ici (en anglais)

Pope Francis addresses participants at the International Conference on the Third Anniversary of Laudato si’
Pope Francis addresses participants at the International Conference on the Third Anniversary of Laudato si’

L'événement au Vatican marquait le 3e anniversaire de l'encyclique Laudato Si' du pape François, publiée quelques mois avant la Conférence des Nations Unies sur le changement climatique de Paris, en France, et à l’issue de laquelle l'Accord de Paris a été signé.

L'encyclique Laudato Sì du Pape François est reconnue pour avoir donné l'impulsion clé pour la conclusion réussie de l'Accord, car elle a convaincu des millions de catholiques du monde entier de l'urgence d'agir.

Depuis lors, le pape François s'est prononcé avec force en faveur de l'action climatique.

S'adressant aux dirigeants de l'industrie pétrolière et gazière le mois dernier, il les a exhortés à passer rapidement aux carburants propres afin d'éviter une catastrophe climatique.

Lire le discours du Pape du 6 juillet (en anglais)

Ci-dessous le discours prononcé par Patricia Espinosa (en anglais):

It’s an honour and a privilege to speak with you today.

The Vatican is a treasured destination for many throughout the world, including those from my home country of Mexico.

I want to begin by discussing a narrative that is common to many cultures and faith communities throughout the world.

It’s the story of a great flood that took place long ago.

While different cultures tell it in different ways, most outline how humankind not only had warning that rising waters were coming, but that those warnings were ignored.

Now, let me be clear: I don’t propose we begin building an ark—at least not a physical one—but it’s hard to ignore some parallels with today.

Every day we are seeing evidence of climate change and its devastating impacts on populations around the globe.

Two weeks ago, a respected scientific publication published an article with major implications for people everywhere.

It reported that the rate at which the continent of Antarctica is losing ice has tripled since 2007.

The pace is alarming: scientists say it will contribute six inches—or 15cm—to sea-level rise by the year 2100.

Six inches of water—that’s roughly the height of the pens some of you are holding in your hands.

But for many nations, six inches of water is the difference between existing and not existing.

We have more than Antarctica to worry about.

I was recently in Austria where their glaciers are melting fast. In 2015 alone, three glaciers retreated by more than 320 feet—more than half the height of St. Paul’s Cathedral[1]. They’re in retreat throughout the world.

All that melting ice must go somewhere. In addition to small island nations, rising waters are already threatening densely-populated coastlines in numerous countries.

This includes China, where some of their most economically-developed cities such as Shanghai, Tianjin, and Guangzhou are under threat.

Consider the consequences.

Just a one-meter rise in sea level could inundate 92,000 square kilometers of China’s coast, displacing 67 million people. That’s more than the entire population of Italy.

In the past, what happened in one country affected one economy. Natural disasters were isolated. No longer.

What happens in China, what happens in any major city, has a ripple effect throughout the world.

If left unchecked, climate change can disrupt our most basic institutions, and the global economy, with repercussions for all.

But climate change is more than a weather issue. It’s more than an economic issue. And it’s more than the numbers and statistics we use to describe it.

Climate change, and our response to it, raises larger questions about who we are, why we’re here, and where we’re collectively going.

Climate change is about morality: who are we to willingly destroy the ancient and intricate beauty of the world?

Climate change is about legacy: who are we to leave a debt of neglect to an unborn generation?

Climate change is about community: who are we to live beside our neighbours—be it next door neighbour or neighbouring country—and turn our backs on our shared challenges and responsibilities?

Climate change is about potential: who are we to ignore our enormous power to affect change on a global scale?

And climate change is about opportunity: who are we to ignore the fact that, by addressing climate change, we can also address some of humanity’s biggest challenges?

Because if you follow the string of climate change, you’ll see that it’s attached to issues such as poverty, hunger, equality, migration, human rights and so much more.

If we truly want to make the fundamental, transformative changes to achieve all of this, perhaps what we need then is not a physical ark, but an ark of ambition.

We need it. We’re at a critical point in history. Our window of opportunity is rapidly closing and we must work together to turn things around.

It’s up to people everywhere—those in high office and small villages; those in corporate leadership and those leading small movements—people everywhere—to take climate action.

That includes the faith community. Climate change doesn’t care if we’re Christians, Muslims, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists, or other—but through a unity of efforts, we can address it.

The Paris Agreement is the product of such unity. It represents our path forward, our guiding light. It has everything we need to address climate change.

But we must unleash its potential—and that’s where we need your help.

We have three primary goals to complete by the end of this year, leading up to COP24 in Poland in December.

First, we must complete its implementation guidelines, known as the Paris Agreement Work Program.

Second, we must significantly accelerate global climate ambition before 2020.

While we’ve seen progress by both government and non-government bodies, it’s not nearly enough.

The fact is that what countries have currently pledged isn’t enough to help us limit global temperature rise to under
2-degrees Celsius and ideally 1.5 degrees.

So, we need to reflect that increased ambition in the next round of Nationally-Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement.

Third in our list is finance which also must be addressed at COP24.

Nations must come through on their promises under the Paris Agreement to deliver $100 billion by 2020 to support the climate change efforts of developing countries.

Trying to fight climate change at current rates of financing is like trying to navigate the great flood not in an ark, but a rowboat.

Still, we are optimistic we can achieve our goals.

We see signs of progress everywhere. We see it in the switch to renewable energy. We see it in the commitments made by corporations to green their efforts and lower emissions.

We see it in people coming together to create change, such as America’s Pledge, the Global Covenant of Mayors, the Past Coal Coalition, Climate 100+, and the upcoming California Summit.

And we see it with the Vatican as well.

Pope Francis’s Laudato Si is a direct, clear and undeniable call for global action. It’s also beautifully written.

As he writes: “nothing in this world is indifferent to us.”

This is matched by a message of hope: “Humanity still has the ability to work together in building our common home.”

Pope Francis then issues a direct appeal, requesting a new dialogue about how we are shaping the future of the planet, writing:

We need a conversation which includes everyone, since the environmental challenge we are undergoing, and its human roots, concern and affect us all.

Indeed, working together is the only way forward.

Looking ahead, we need your help to convey this idea of cooperation and positive ambition leading up to COP24 in Poland.

I can’t emphasize enough how important it is we achieve the three tasks I talked about earlier.

They are crucial—whether we’re talking about fulfilling the Paris Agreement or the Laudato.

We must make progress now, not tomorrow. We need you to continue delivering that message.

Ladies and gentlemen, I recognize none of this is easy—nothing this transformative or important ever is. But it’s worth it.
It’s worth it because by addressing climate change, we can build a better future, both for this generation and all generations to follow…

…a future that is both cleaner and greener, but one where poverty is reduced, rights are shared more equally by all, and that all people can live, love, learn and prosper.

Thank you.