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Capacity Building

Overview of the Capacity Building Frameworks

         At COP 7 (Marrakech, November/December 2001) Parties adopted decisions on which agreement were reached relating to capacity building for developing countries and countries with economies in transition (EITs) and on additional guidance to the GEF, along with other decisions that included capacity building components. The frameworks for capacity building in developing countries and EIT countries contained in the Marrakech Accords, annexed to decisions 2/CP.7 and 3/CP.7, were intended to serve as a guide for the climate change capacity building activities of the GEF and other funding bodies.

         The frameworks include a set of guiding principles and approaches - for example, that capacity building should be country-driven, involve learning by doing, and build on existing activities - and provide an initial list of priority areas for both sets of countries, including the specific needs of least developed countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The frameworks call on developing countries and EIT countries to continue to provide information on their specific needs and priorities, while promoting cooperation among themselves and stakeholder participation. Annex II Parties, for their part, should provide additional financial and technical assistance for implementing capacity-building activities through the GEF and other channels, while all Parties should improve the coordination and effectiveness of existing activities.

         In decision 2/CP.7, the secretariat was requested to collect, process, compile and disseminate the information needed by the COP or its subsidiary bodies to review the progress made in implementation of the capacity-building framework, drawing on information contained in national communications of developing country Parties as well as Annex II Parties, and reports from the GEF and other agencies.

         In the additional guidance to an operating entity of the financial mechanism in decision 4/CP.9, the COP decided that the GEF should take into account, in its work relating to the development of capacity building performance indicators for the climate change focal area, the capacity building framework in decision 2/CP.7, and to undertake this work in consultation with the Convention secretariat.

         A time frame and process for review of the capacity building framework was established through decision 9/CP.9. In this decision, the COP decided to complete a first comprehensive review of the capacity building framework for developing countries by its tenth session, and to conduct further comprehensive reviews every five years thereafter. Terms of reference for this review are contained in annex III to the report of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its eighteenth session (FCCC/SBI/2003/8, annex III).

         The results of the first comprehensive review of the capacity building frameworks are given in decisions 2/CP.10 and 3/CP.10. While acknowledging some progress in a range of priority areas identified in the frameworks, the COP noted significant gaps that still remained to be filled and that access to financial resources remained an issue to be addressed. The COP re-affirmed the frameworks contained in decisions 2/CP.7 and 3/CP.7 as still relevant, and identified key factors that should be taken into account to assist in further implementation of these decisions in paragraph 1 of decision 2/CP.10. The GEF, as an operating entity of the financial mechanism, was requested to take into account these key factors when supporting capacity building activities in developing countries in accordance with decisions 2/CP.1 and 4/CP.9 and as defined in the Strategic Approach to Enhance Capacity Building (GEF/C.22/8 available at, and to include in its annual report to the COP, information on how it is responding to these requests.

         In its decision 2/CP.10, the COP decided on a time frame and process for a second comprehensive review of the implementation of the capacity building framework in developing countries. The review was initiated at SBI 28 (June 2008) and should be completed at COP 17 (December 2011).

        In its decision 3/CP.10, the COP decided to review 3/CP.7 CB framework for EITs at SBI 27 (2007) in preparation of the first commitment period of the KP. In this decision, the COP requested the secretariat to compile and synthesize information from EITs and Annex II Parties for this review by SBI 27, including information from the GEF & its IAs.
At SBI 27, the SBI agreed (pdf-icon pdf-icon FCCC/SBI/2007/34, para. 81-88 and para. 117-128) that the scope of needs as listed in the framework for capacity-building in EIT countries is still relevant, and decided to review status of its implementation at SBI 36. 



Last modified: 01 June 2011