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Key Decisions

Decision 3/CP.13
Development and transfer of technologies under the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice

Decision 4/CP.13
Development and transfer of technologies under the Subsidiary Body for Implementation

Decision 4/CP.7
Development and transfer of technologies

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Work on Innovative Financing

For more information on this sub theme, refer to the technical paper submitted to the SBSTA at its 24th session.

The secretariat, in close collaboration with international organizations and practitioners, has also undertaken workshops and developed training tools aimed at strengthening the capacity of project developers in developing countries to prepare technology transfer projects for financing.

Technology Transfer Framework

The framework for meaningful and effective actions, to enhance the implementation of Article 4.5 of the Convention, was agreed at COP 7 as part of the Marrakesh Accords. This framework, contained in the annex to decision 4/CP.7, comprises five key themes. At COP 13, four sub-themes were added to the technology transfer framework as part of the Mechanisms for Technology Transfer theme. The Technology Transfer Framework aims to develop actions to implement Article 4.5 of the Convention by increasing and improving the transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how.


Technology Needs AssessmentEnabling Environments
Technology Needs Assessments (TNAs) are a set of country-driven activities that identify and determine the mitigation and adaptation technology priorities of Parties other than developed country Parties, and other developed Parties not included in Annex II, particularly developing country Parties. More >>
The enabling environments component of the framework focuses on government actions, such as fair trade policies, removal of technical, legal and administrative barriers to technology transfer, sound economic policy, regulatory frameworks and transparency, all of which create an environment conducive to private and public sector technology transfer. More >>
Technology InformationCapacity Building
The technology information component of the framework defines the means, including hardware, software and networking, to facilitate the flow of information between the different stakeholders to enhance the development and transfer of environmentally sound technologies.
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The capacity building component of the framework is a process which seeks to build, develop, strengthen, enhance and improve existing scientific and technical skills, capabilities and institutions in Parties other than developed country Parties, and other developed Parties not included in Annex II, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to assess, adapt, manage and develop environmentally sound technologies. More >>
Mechanisms for Technology Transfer
The mechanisms for technology transfer are to facilitate the support of financial, institutional and methodological activities:

(a) To enhance the coordination of the full range of stakeholders in different countries and regions;
(b) To engage them in cooperative efforts to accelerate the development and diffusion, including transfer, of environmentally sound technologies, know-how and practices to and between Parties other than developed country Parties and other developed Parties not included in Annex II, particularly developing country Parties, through technology cooperation and partnerships (public/public, private/public and private/private), and
(c) To facilitate the development of projects and programmes to support such ends. More>>

There are four sub-themes of the Mechanisms for Technology Transfer theme:

Innovative FinancingInternational CooperationEndogenous Development of TechnologiesCollaborative Research and Development

Work in this area is aimed at improving access to financing for the development and transfer of technology from a wide variety of available sources, public as well as private.

For the set of actions adopted by the COP for enhancing the Technology Transfer Framework with regards to this sub theme, refer to  3/CP.13.



Work in this area is aimed at identifying ways and means to enhance cooperation with relevant conventions and intergovernmental processes involved in the development and transfer of technology.

For the set of actions adopted by the COP for enhancing the Technology Transfer Framework with regards to this sub theme, refer to  3/CP.13.
Work in this area is aimed at identifying actions to promote endogenous development of technology through the provision of financial resources and joint research and development.

For the set of actions adopted by the COP for enhancing the Technology Transfer Framework with regards to this sub theme, refer to  3/CP.13.
Work in this area is aimed at promoting collaborative research and development on technologies.

For the set of actions adopted by the COP for enhancing the Technology Transfer Framework with regards to this sub theme, refer to 3/CP.13.