Technology has been considered by various ad hoc working groups of the UNFCCC.
|Technology under the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform on Enhanced Action (ADP)|
At COP 17, the COP established the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP). The ADP has the mandate of developing a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties, to be completed by no later than 2015, to come into effect and be implemented from 2020. The ADP also has a workplan on enhancing mitigation ambition to identify and explore options for a range of actions that can close the ambition gap. This is undertaken with the view to ensuring the highest possible mitigation efforts by all Parties.
At its first session, in 2012, the ADP initiated work under two workstreams: Workstream 1 on matters related to paragraphs 2 to 6 of decision 1/CP.17 (referred to as the 2015 agreement); and Workstream 2 on matters related to paragraphs 7 and 8 of the same decision (referred to as pre-2020 ambition).
Workstream 1: The 2015 agreement
Technology development and transfer is one of the key elements being considered by the ADP in the development of the 2015 agreement, along with mitigation, adaptation, finance, transparency of action and support, and capacity-building. At COP 18, the COP decided that the ADP will consider elements for a draft negotiating text no later than at its session to be held in conjunction with COP 20 with a view to making available a negotiating text before May 2015. At COP 19, the COP requested the ADP to accelerate its development of the 2015 agreement and further elaborate, beginning at its first session in 2014, elements for a draft negotiating text, taking into consideration its work on, inter alia, the key elements as identified above.
Workstream 2: Pre-2020 ambition
Technology development and transfer is also central to Workstream 2, as technology can play a crucial role in enhancing mitigation ambition. At COP 19, the COP decided to accelerate activities under the workplan on enhancing mitigation ambition by, inter alia, intensifying the technical examination of opportunities for actions with high mitigation potential. This examination would have a focus on the implementation of policies, practices and technologies that are substantial, scalable and replicable. Also at COP 19, the ADP requested the secretariat to organize technical expert meetings (TEMs) at each of the sessions of the ADP in 2014 to share policies, practices and technologies and address the necessary finance, technology and capacity-building. TEMs aim at demonstrating how mitigation opportunities can be seized, how barriers to implementation on the ground can be effectively addressed and how the high mitigation potential can be turned into reality, scaled up and replicated. The first TEMs were launched during the March session in 2014, focusing on opportunities for action on renewable energy and energy efficiency.
|Technology under the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA)|
At COP 13, the COP launched a comprehensive process to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action, up to and beyond 2012. This process addressed, inter alia, how to enhance action on technology development and transfer to support action on mitigation and adaptation. The complete overview of the AWG-LCA process can be found here.
Establishment and operationalization of the Technology Mechanism
As an outcome of the AWG-LCA process, the COP established the Technology Mechanism at COP 16, consisting of a Technology Executive Committee (TEC) and a Climate Technology Centre and Network. Arrangements to make the Technology Mechanism fully operational were developed at subsequent sessions of the COP. At COP 18, the COP agreed to further elaborate at COP 20 the linkages between the Technology Mechanism and the financial mechanism of the Convention, taking into consideration the recommendations of the TEC and the Board of the Green Climate Fund.