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The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat has signed a partnership agreement with the Windward Islands Research and Education Foundation (WINDREF) to establish a regional collaboration centre in Saint George, Grenada in an effort to assist in the development of clean development mechanism (CDM) projects in the region. 

Countries supported: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and Suriname.


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RCC St George's embark on developing national capacity in calculating emissions from electricity generation

To facilitate renewables and energy efficiency projects through CDM and NAMA, UNFCCC together with the Regional Collaboration Centre St Georges (RCC St Georges) and UNDP hosted a series of training workshops on the development of standardized baselines for the power sector.  UNFCCC colleagues were joined by Vintura Silva and Nigel Edwards from the RCC St Georges  who coordinated the organization of the workshops.

 The workshops were held during 23-31 October 2017 across three Caribbean countries:- Guyana, Suriname and Saint Lucia. The purpose of these workshops was to increase capacity in the area, develop baselines and collect and process data.


Participants at the Training workshop in Guyana, 23-24 October 2017

The Caribbean power sector is heavily dependent on imported fossil fuel; therefore, the introduction of renewables would result in significant emission reductions. Besides achieving sustainable development (SD) objectives of the countries, the transition to renewables through carbon/climate finance would also require a robust and credible MRV (measuring, reporting & verifying) system to report mitigation outcomes objectively and transparently for the region. Standardized baselines as a benchmark established for the power sector provide critical information for the assessment of the greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation of renewable energy and energy efficiency activities implemented in the region/countries.

The workshops aimed to facilitate capacity development domestically in the 3 targeted countries through the delivery of hands-on technical training for DNAs and relevant entities to further cement their understanding of the procedure and methodological approaches of standardized baselines for the power sector using real case data. The participants learned how the data collected for the standardized baselines are also relevant to their national GHG emissions inventory and the preparation of national communications.


Practical sessions during the training workshop in Suriname to calculate the Grid Emission factors 26-27 October 2017

Upon request from the participants, they were introduced to the RETScreen® tool to demonstrate the application of the standardized baseline in the broader context of climate change mitigation and climate finance. Also, introductions were made to the Transformational Change Assessment of projects developed by The Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT).

Participants expressed their appreciation of having received this technical training and concluded that other sectors within each of their own countries could also benefit from developing standardized baselines (for example, the waste sector). The workshops in the three countries successfully achieved their objectives and helped to progress the standardized baseline development to the advanced stage for the countries. We look forward to seeing more standardized baselines coming from the Caribbean! 

Participants at the Training workshop in St Lucia 30-31 October 2017

Besides these RCC continue to work on Grid Emission Factor Calculations for Trinidad and Tobago, Antigua and Barbuda, Haiti, St Vincent and Grenadines, Jamaica, St Kitts and Nieves, as well as renewal of Grid Emission Factor Standardised Baseline for Belize & Waste sector Standardised Baseline for Dominican Republic.  For Belize and St Vincent and Grenadines, development of transport sector baseline was also initiated with the JCCCP project.

  RCC St Georges lead to advance the discussion on Carbon Pricing in Caribbean

Most Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for the Caribbean region express an interest in using collaborative market (international and domestic) approaches to meet their mitigation targets set forth within NDCs. In perpetration for the implementation of the commitments in NDCs as well as to arrive at a Caribbean position on the article 6 discussions under the Paris Agreement Caribbean countries requested UNFCCC Regional Collaboration Center (RCC) in St Georges (RCC) support in creating awareness on the topic of Carbon pricing and options under the article 6 of the Paris agreement.

Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (CCCCC) as far back as in year 2015 announced the potential for regional approaches to addressing climate change mitigation including through use of regional carbon markets. Trinidad in its intended Nationally Determined Contributions (iNDC) refer to the use of the carbon market in development by the Energy Chamber of Trinidad & Tobago (ECTT). This initiative The Caribbean Carbon Pricing Initiative (CCPI) ( )has expressed interest to create a regional carbon market. 

With the support from CI-ACA (collaborative Instruments for ambitious climate action) initiative RCC St Georges initiated discussions to identify how to advance these discussions. CI-ACA is an initiative by UNFCCC together with the RCC host partners, supported by governments of Germany, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland.

To start off to validate the requirements of the countries, an informal consultation on establishing a regional initiative to support Caribbean countries in implementing collaborative climate actions, including through a possible regional carbon market, was held on the margins of the Bonn Climate Change Conference in May 2017, under the leadership of Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) in collaboration with UNFCCC Regional Collaboration Centre (RCC) St Georges.

The key message from this meeting was requirement from the countries to understand options available to the Caribbean countries, knowledge of developments in the international arena and the negotiation process on the topic of carbon pricing and collaborative actions, to evaluate options available to the Caribbean countries to consider.

To deliver this RCC in consultation with CCCCC, Carbon Finance Solutions (CFS) consortium of consultants working on CCPI, Climate Markets and Investment Association (CMIA), together with the support of Swedish Energy Agency (SEA), OECS secretariat, CARICOM secretariat, CPLC of world bank and IETA developed a work programme to address the request of the countries.

Initially the partners conducted a survey was conducted with all CARICOM member countries both in written and oral follow ups to identify the needs of the countries in terms of capacity building on carbon pricing.

Secondly to create awareness on Carbon pricing a Webinar was organized lead by CMIA on 14 September 2017. The webinar covered the themes of introduction to Carbon pricing, options available to countries and back ground on existing international initiatives.

On the 2nd and 3rd of October 2017, RCC in St Georges together with other partners organized the regional dialogue to assist Caribbean countries in the development of carbon pricing approaches for implementing their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) under the Paris Agreement. The event was held at Radisson Grenada Beach Resort, Grenada, West Indies, back-to-back with the event Developing a regional proposal for a programme to support the implementation of the energy aspects in NDCs in the Caribbean and climate focal points were jointly invited to both the events.

Opening the dialogue Dr. Randall Waechter, Associate Director of Research for SGU and Research Grants Coordinator at the Windward Islands Research and Education Foundation (WINDREF)  stated This event provides the opportunity for Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) member states to meet and discuss how to access regional and international support for implementation of their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and other commitments under the Paris Agreement.

However, despite progress, we are cognizant of the challenges we face as small islands. Due to our small size and small populations the socio-economic stability of small states is being severely compromised by climate change, said Dr. Hugh Sealy, Professor in the Environmental and Occupational Health Track in SGUs Department of Public Health and co-facilitator of international discussions of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.


Participants at the Caribbean regional dialogue on carbon pricing instruments in Grenada, 2 to 3 October 2017

The objective of this two-day event was to continue momentum and further the dialogue around a carbon market/instrument in the Caribbean region with various state and non-state stakeholders.

The objectives of the dialogue were to:

  • Raise awareness in the region with regards to the use and benefits of market instruments;
  • Gain a better understanding of current initiatives supporting development of market instruments in the Caribbean;
  • Exchange of views on how the elements of a potential regional approach should be designed to address regional needs that are in line with individual national plans;
  • Collection of ideas regarding countries' expectations and planned levels of engagement;
  • Increase the number of countries and high level stakeholders that are involved in discussions on market instruments;
  • Develop a general understanding of how market instrument(s) could operate.

The event was also supported by ParlAmericas, California Air Resource Board.

The partners also organised follow up meetings in Trinidad and Tobago (during the CCCCC and GCCA+ international conference on Climate change for the Caribbean on 9-12 October 2017) and Mexico City at the Latin America and Caribbean Carbon Forum (18-20 October 2017) to further impart knowledge on the topic to prepare countries for discussions under Article 6 of the Paris agreement and possible early action.

Also, at the invitation of Dr. Jennifer Simons Speaker of the National Assembly of the Republic of Suriname, who was present at the meeting in Grenada, sponsored by ParlAmericas, RCC St George’s together with UNFCCC presented on the topic of carbon pricing and opportunities of carbon markets to parliamentarians at a specially organized national assembly session on 25 October 2017.

To summarize the developments CCCCC together with RCC St George’s conducted a follow up event on Caribbean Carbon Pricing Dialogue at COP 23 on 10 November 2017. Below is a summary of key discussion points from this series of discussions:

  • To take a concrete decision on the way forward the political decision makers need to be made aware and informed on different options;
  • Region has some appetite for the carbon pricing approaches, but there are large differences in the preparedness of different countries in the region to initiate action;
  • The technical officers present at awareness trainings gained a general understanding on the topic of carbon pricing and options available, however, based on discussions, they realized that they need further support and knowledge to conduct analysis on the options that will work and are favourable in national/regional contexts;
  • It was decided during the discussions that the best way to address this gap is a need for a national/regional level  study to analyse what instruments can work best in the regional/national context and present options to work on;
  • Importance of these solutions to be in line with the economic development goals and needs (while at the same time meeting NDCs) was highlighted as an important aspect;
  • It was also noted, that the long-term benefits must be understood and highlighted as part of this study. The study will always have to be framed in terms of jobs and growth and finance how the region will benefit;
  • In terms of whether a regional/sub regional or country level approach is preferred, the participants pointed out that there is a huge difference in terms of emissions in the region taking Trinidad as an example compared with the smaller east Caribbean countries. However, given the size of economies and mitigation potential in the countries there was consensus on investigating a regional level approach to be favourable to achieve sizable emission reductions, economically.

CI-ACA project based on an analysis of countries readiness, responded to support investigating ways to advance the topic of Carbon pricing in Dominican Republic and Jamaica as an initial step.  In collaboration with the National Council for Climate Change and Clean Development Mechanism in the Dominican Republic the first national consultation on the topic of Carbon Pricing on 4 December 2017, with participation of over 40 participants.


Invited speaker Dr. Juan Carlos Arredondo Brun, ministry of Environment Mexico, sharing experience from Mexico on setting price on carbon at the first national consultation on Carbon Pricing for Dominican Republic, 4 December 2017

Some of the conclusions of the workshop were the identification of the priority sectors: energy, transport and agriculture, waste and agriculture. Likewise, the country's experience was shared in the establishment of a tax on high-capacity motor vehicles, incentives to the Renewable Energy Law, among others. It was noted that it is important to verify the environment to reduce the risks of price fluctuations that discourage investments. Establish robust rules, indicators of operation and impacts that point towards the achievement of strategic objectives. Experiences of participation in Market Mechanisms were shared, such as in the Clean Development Mechanism, the challenge of price fluctuations, difficulties in accessing the mechanism for some sectors. It was agreed that based on the discussion to conduct a study to identify what carbon pricing instruments can be considered within the national context.


ZACK 2017 Forum “Access to finance for implementations of policies and measures for implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions” Santo Domingo , Dominican republic  5 to 6 December, 2017

Summary of this consultation was presented and discussed with a larger section of the private sector at ZACK 2017 forum on "Access to finance for Implementations of policies and measures for implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions" organized together with GIZ in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Final report on the nationally determined contributions survey available now!


Developing Countries Urgently Need Finance to Green Power Sectors

Countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean urgently need financial support to green their power sectors and thereby implement their national climate action plans under the pdf-icon Paris Climate Change Agreement. This is a key finding of a report on the nationally determined contributions survey conducted by the Nairobi Framework Partnership in 2016.

Read more: English French Spanish

pdf-icon Download the report >> (6208 kB)


Other News

Paris Agreement’s Economic Instruments Can Spur National Action, Ambition – Regional Dialogues

Reports just released from five regional meetings reveal the views of non-State actors in developing countries on the Paris Agreement’s provisions for (1) transferring mitigation outcomes, essentially emissions trading; (2) a new Sustainable Development Mechanism; and (3) a framework for non-market approaches. All three of the economic instruments are described in Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.

pdf-icon Caribbean summary report >> (917 kB)
All reports >>

Read the story on the UNFCCC Newsroom >> Eng  Fr  Sp


 Image Student interns contribute to climate action in Caribbean
Regional Collaboration Centre St. George’s seeks expressions of interest

The St. George’s RCC has engaged and continues to engage academic institutions both within the region and beyond to create more awareness of clean development opportunities. These interactions have generated interest from the respective student bodies, resulting in several students travelling to Grenada to support the RCC activities and successfully completing on-site training.


 Image  16–24 June 2016 The Japan-Caribbean Climate Change Partnership and the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme under the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), in conjunction with the Regional Collaboration Centre, St. George (RCC-STG), organized four targeted capacity-building training sessions to support the development of climate mitigation actions aligned with Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Climate Change Agreement.

Read more
UNFCCC website >>
St. George's University
Facebook page >>
SIDS Times article >>

12 July 2016 St. George's University Hosts Paris Agreement Article 6 Climate Summit
Read more >> 

Image 31 March 2016 saw the official unveiling of the new UNFCCC Regional Collaboration Centre St. George's sign at St. George's University in Grenada. The unveiling coincided with the extension of the memorandum of understanding between the UNFCCC and partner organization Windward Islands Research and Education Foundation (WINDREF).


 Links to our other Regional Collaboration Centres

Upcoming events

ImageRead about the LACCF 2016 on the UNFCCC Newsroom >> Eng Fr Sp



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pdf-icon 22 May 2017 (357 kB)
pdf-icon 2 Dec 2016 (470 kB)


Webinar - Financiamiento verde y bonos de carbono: Oportunidades para América Latina y el Caribe (1 June)


Resources prior to 2016


Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine
St. George's University School of Medicine
P.O. Box 7
West Indies