The NFP was established by then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 2006 to increase participation in
the CDM, especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
The CDM “has become a multi-billion dollar source of funding for sustainable development . . .
an outstanding example of a UN-led partnership linking government action to the private sector in the
The Secretary-General went on to “encourage donor countries to help make these efforts [under
the Nairobi Framework] a success.”
Initially the Framework included the United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment
Programme, the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank, and the secretariat of the UNFCCC.
In January 2016 in Copenhagen, the Nairobi Framework partners revised their Terms of Reference in light of the Paris Climate Change Agreement adopted by countries
the previous month. The scope of the partnership was expanded to include support to developing
countries in development and implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris
Further Guidance to the clean development mechanism
Parties welcome the “Nairobi Framework”, launched to catalyze CDM in Africa.
Capacity building under the Kyoto Protocol
Parties encourage focus on institutional and technical capacity-building activities that are specific
to the CDM; reiterates a request that Parties to continue with measures to assist Parties not
included in Annex I to the Convention, in particular least developed countries and small island
developing States, and bearing in mind the difficulties of Africa to attract CDM projects, to carry
out capacity-building activities; and encourages Parties and relevant international governmental
organizations, non-governmental organizations, private sector organizations and others, to
learning by doing and to further strengthen their efforts to support the identification, development
and implementation of CDM project activities.
Parties renew their call to NFP partners to enhance their capacity-building activities under
the Framework, in particular in least developed countries, small island developing States and
African countries, for, inter alia, the following:
(a) Skills enhancement and training to assist designated national authorities, applicant and
designated operational entities and project participants with regard to technical matters related to
the clean development mechanism;
(b) Institutional strengthening through, inter alia, support to designated national authorities in
the development and submission of standardized baselines and microscale renewable energy technologies
that are automatically defined as additional;
(c) Activities of designated national authorities and stakeholders in the implementation of the
guidelines on standardized baselines and suppressed demand through system development and