Your location: Home > Secretariat > Momentum for Change
Smallholder farmers make up a significant percentage of global land users but they are a
challenging group to reach, and they often lack access to investments, knowledge and information.
The Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture
Programme (ASAP) channels climate finance to smallholder farmers so they can access the tools
and technologies that help build their resilience to climate change. Launched by the International
Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), ASAP is the world’s largest climate change
adaptation programme for smallholder farmers, reaching millions of smallholders worldwide.
- World’s largest climate change adaptation programme with a specific focus on smallholder
- More than USD 300 million channeled to at least eight million smallholder farmers to build
their resilience to climate-related disasters;
- Smallholder farmers provide nearly 80 per cent of the food in many parts of the developing
In the past, smallholder farmers could count on the seasons and traditional knowledge when it came
to predicting the weather. Climate change has made that much harder. Seasons, floods, and storms no
longer come when expected. Water stress, soil erosion, and infestations all contribute to making
small farmers more vulnerable than ever before.
Climate change‐related hazards are hitting smallholder farmers especially hard, but
international climate finance is not benefitting them nearly enough. Losses and damages from
extreme weather events keep increasing, as the patterns of droughts, floods and tropical storms are
becoming more unpredictable.
In parallel, rural livelihoods are undermined by the creeping effects of erosion, land degradation and loss
of biodiversity. Faced with climate change as a threat multiplier, development organizations need to devise
new financial and programming instruments to address these emerging problems.
ASAP is reversing this trend. Small farmers now know of upcoming storms and droughts in advance. They now
grow crops more resistant to climate change and protect their villages better from floods and landslides.
ASAP channels climate and environmental finance to smallholder farmers so that they become more
resilient to climate change. The programme aims to improve the capacity of at least eight million
ASAP empowers community-based organizations to make use of new climate risk management skills,
information and technologies and combine them with tried and tested approaches to sustainable land
and water management. For example, improved weather station networks are providing farmers with more
reliable seasonal forecasts while mapping technologies are helping farmers to better understand and
monitor landscape use in a changing environment.
Putting a price tag on climate change impacts is informing more robust policy decisions, while access
to drought-resilient crop varieties and innovative land management practices is empowering
agricultural workers to manage risk and uncertainty.
ASAP is having many benefits for smallholder famers. For example, mixed crop and livestock systems, which
use drought‐tolerant crops and manure, help increase agricultural productivity. Systems of crop
rotation, which consider both food and fodder crops, reduce exposure to climate threats while also
improving family nutrition. A combination of agroforestry systems and communal ponds, which improve the
quality of soils, increase the availability of water during dry periods, and provide additional income.
IFAD also facilitated cooperation between Kenyan engineers and the Indian Institute of Technology, which
has provided a platform for scaling up the system internationally. Through ASAP, IFAD is driving a major
scaling-up of successful “multiple-benefit” approaches to increase agricultural output while
simultaneously reducing vulnerability to climate-related risks and diversifying livelihoods.
Images owned by the activity partners, all rights reserved.