The Integrated Transport System (SIT) in the city of Leon, of which the Optibus BRT is an integral part, has
set out to rearrange the city’s public transport system with prioritization of mass transit. The SIT
aims to create a more efficient, safe and reliable transport system, with reduced travel time and congestion,
improve accessibility for the urban poor and the disabled, while also reducing emissions.
Optibus BRT system’s first phase was inaugurated in 2003, becoming the first Mexican city to implement
a BRT system with feeders. By 2008, due to its popularity, ridership on Optibus had exceeded the system's
capacity, at 220,000 trips per day. Recognizing there was a strong need to improve mobility for more people,
its second phase was launched in August 2010. To date, total demand is at 700,000 trips per day, with 92
articulated buses and 69 feeder routes, operating in 30 kilometers of bus-only lines, with 65 stations and 4
Some of the key achievements of the system include:
- Road accidents have decreased by 30%;
- 200 polluting buses were removed from the roads, saving 2 million liters of fuel and reducing 6,000
ton of CO2 per year;
- Transport companies running the system have been modernized.
Mitigation / Adaptation
Potential for scaling-up and replication
Resulting from reduction and renewal of fleet, the system has reduced around 6,000 tons of CO2 per
year. These calculations do not take into account the emissions that are reduced due to a change in
transportation modes from private car to the system.
The most important economic and environmental benefits derive from increased integration between bus
rapid transit, feeder and auxiliary lines, bringing considerable benefits to the population of the city
of León, through reduction of time travel, kilometers driven and accessibility to the urban
Due to the success of the BRT in Leon, cities such as Mexico and Guadalajara replicated the system with
the Metrobus and the Marcrobus respectively. Resulting from the successful experiences, the national
government launched in 2009 the Federal Mass Transit Program (PROTRAM) to improve urban transport in
Mexico. The program provides funds for investment in mass-transit infrastructure, particularly Bus
Rapid Transit (BRT) lines. At the same time, the local success of the system together with the
increasing ridership has prompted the Municipality of Leon to include a third phase of the SIT
(Optibus) in the current government plans.