The activity contributes to climate change mitigation through reduction of GHG emissions resulting
1) LPG is cleaner and more efficient than traditional cooking fuels. The CO2 emission factor of this
fuel is 12% lower than kerosene’s CO2 emission factor. New LPG cook stoves are more efficient
than kerosene cook stoves due to reduction of heat loss.
2) Improved biomass cook stoves reduce the amount of biomass required in day-to-day cooking by 40 %.
This reduces deforestation by minimizing the amount of trees cut down for cooking.
The Peruvian Ministry of Energy and Mines and UNDP have calculated that each LPG cook stove reduces
approximately 1.15 tCO2e/year and each improved biomass cook stove installed avoids 2.67 tCO2e/year.
Therefore, it is estimated that more than 60,000 tCO2 have been reduced by the use of LPG cook stoves
and approximately 170,000 tCO2 by the implementation of improved biomass cook stoves.
-Improvement of local air quality: By replacing residual fuel oil with LPG, the activity reduces not
only GHG emissions, but also the emission of other gases with major impacts on air quality, such as
CO, NO, NOx or SO2 and particulate;
- Reduction in deforestation: The initiative minimizes deforestation by reducing the amount of trees
cut down for cooking.
- Poverty alleviation: The costs associated with less efficient cooking fuels and inefficient
technologies are being reduced.
- Improvement of quality of life: LPG is a clean fuel which reduces health problems such as
respiratory diseases associated with common cooking practices;
- Fire risk reduction: The use of improved cook stoves results in a reduced risk of house fires.
- Job Creation: The activity promotes decent work opportunities. The distribution of LPG cook stoves
and improved biomass cook stoves contributes to the creation of a local market for the manufacture of
parts and materials needed for their installation and maintenance. This benefits small and medium
industries as well as small local manufacturers;
- Improvement of access to energy: The activity facilitates the affordability and accessibility to
clean, cheap and efficient energy sources and technologies. These would have been unaffordable for
low income households if the initiative had not been implemented.
The Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru established in conjunction with the UNDP, distribution
targets of 45,000 LPG cook stoves and 65,000 improved biomass cook stoves during the years 2010 and
2011. Once these objectives were met, an additional target to scale up this initiative by
distributing more than 210,000 new cook stoves was established for the years 2012 and 2013.
In order to extend the positive impact of this activity to new areas in Peru, the Repsol Foundation
decided to carry out the installation of 8,000 new LPG stoves in the first half of 2012, and plans to
install 7,500 additional LPG stoves in the second half of 2012. The results of this parallel
initiative promoted by the Repsol Foundation are 8,802 additional LPG cook stoves installed.