The activity contributes to climate change mitigation through reduction of GHG emissions
1) LPG is cleaner and more efficient than traditional cooking fuels. The CO2 emission factor
of this fuel is 12% lower than kerosene’s CO2 emission factor. New LPG cook stoves are
more efficient than kerosene cook stoves due to reduction of heat loss.
2) Improved biomass cook stoves reduce the amount of biomass required in day-to-day cooking
by 40 %. This reduces deforestation by minimizing the amount of trees cut down for cooking.
The Peruvian Ministry of Energy and Mines and UNDP have calculated that each LPG cook stove
reduces approximately 1.15 tCO2e/year and each improved biomass cook stove installed avoids
2.67 tCO2e/year. Therefore, it is estimated that more than 60,000 tCO2 have been reduced by
the use of LPG cook stoves and approximately 170,000 tCO2 by the implementation of improved
biomass cook stoves.
-Improvement of local air quality: By replacing residual fuel oil with LPG, the activity
reduces not only GHG emissions, but also the emission of other gases with major impacts on
air quality, such as CO, NO, NOx or SO2 and particulate;
- Reduction in deforestation: The initiative minimizes deforestation by reducing the amount
of trees cut down for cooking.
- Poverty alleviation: The costs associated with less efficient cooking fuels and inefficient
technologies are being reduced.
- Improvement of quality of life: LPG is a clean fuel which reduces health problems such as
respiratory diseases associated with common cooking practices;
- Fire risk reduction: The use of improved cook stoves results in a reduced risk of house
- Job Creation: The activity promotes decent work opportunities. The distribution of LPG cook
stoves and improved biomass cook stoves contributes to the creation of a local market for the
manufacture of parts and materials needed for their installation and maintenance. This
benefits small and medium industries as well as small local manufacturers;
- Improvement of access to energy: The activity facilitates the affordability and
accessibility to clean, cheap and efficient energy sources and technologies. These would have
been unaffordable for low income households if the initiative had not been implemented.
The Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru established in conjunction with the UNDP,
distribution targets of 45,000 LPG cook stoves and 65,000 improved biomass cook stoves during
the years 2010 and 2011. Once these objectives were met, an additional target to scale up
this initiative by distributing more than 210,000 new cook stoves was established for the
years 2012 and 2013.
In order to extend the positive impact of this activity to new areas in Peru, the Repsol
Foundation decided to carry out the installation of 8,000 new LPG stoves in the first half of
2012, and plans to install 7,500 additional LPG stoves in the second half of 2012. The
results of this parallel initiative promoted by the Repsol Foundation are 8,802 additional
LPG cook stoves installed.