The size of the bioreactor is 3000m³ designed to capture 1,800m³ of methane per day
and generating about 1MW of electricity for power starved poor communities and with emission
reduction of about 0.2MT of CO2 per year.
In addition, the plant produces 1,500 litres of organic fertiliser per day. The predominantly
poor families benefit from the energy because it constitutes a cleaner alternative to other
commonly used energy sources. At significantly lower cost than currently available energy
sources, it reduces indoor air pollution and associated health hazards in poor communities.
The bio-fertiliser replaces chemical fertiliser and results in more efficient fertilization
and less loss of nutrients for low-income farmers and less non-point source water pollution.
Chemical fertilizers pollute surface water sources with resultant toxic effects on human and
The biogas plant generates several positive environmental, economic and social impacts. The
innovation abates water pollution and mitigates greenhouse gas emission which is critical
because of its human health impacts, impact on communities, climate, agriculture, portable
water supplies and the ecology of aquatic life that are crucial sources of food which poses
threats to human existence.
Reduction in pollution of surface and groundwater sources leading to improved ecosystem and
human health especially the urban poor.
There is no waste treatment facility for abattoirs in Nigeria. Abattoir waste dump pollute
groundwater sources. In addition, the wastewater from abattoirs is discharged directly into
nearby river bodies with severe ecosystem health. Odour from the wastes also interferes with
the host communities. The zero emission biogas technology treats the wastewater with the
sludge used as organic fertilizer. Hence, no waste would be discharged into the environment.
This result is measured in improved human and ecosystem health using epidemiological dose
indicators and water quality parameters.
The product of anaerobic digestion from cassava waste is a mixed gas called biogas which
composed of methane and carbon-dioxide. Reducing methane emissions has many important health,
energy, safety, economic and environmental benefits. Thus, the collection and utilization of
methane provides a valuable, clean-burning energy source that improves quality of life in
local communities, generates revenue and improves living
The biogas would be used as low cost, safe and reliable sustainable green energy. Unlike
kerosene lamps, which are costly, inefficient, poor quality, often hazardous and the highest
cause of infant mortality in Africa. The utilization of biogas for power leads to improved
human health and decreased infant mortality. This impact is measured by the number of
household with access to the improved energy source.
The biogas plant application has proven to provide lasting, relatively cheap and
environmentally sound and green eco-solution to organic waste management challenge in
developing economies. Hence, there is enormous potential for growth and replication across
poor communities in developing economies since environmental pollution caused by organic
waste and slaughterhouse in particular is not a Nigerian specific problem but rather a
problem faced by countries worldwide which is fostering a global human health tragedy.
Moreover, biogas plant technology is not a slaughterhouse waste treatment specific technology
but rather a technology applicable to other industrial sectors generating organic pollutants.
Hence, it is applicable to several other agro-processing industries and could be implemented
in most developing countries of the world.
Many other cities across the world are facing similar environmental and health challenges
from untreated slaughterhouse waste. The “cows to kilowatts” initiative carries a
great potential for further roll-out and replication.