Ahmedabad is reaping benefits in the form of faster and safer commuting, mitigation in impact
of air pollution and creating an overall positive impact on urban development.
The BRT system has already shown several mitigation impacts. For example, 20
to 22 per cent of the commuters have moved from using their motorcycles to the bus. With an
average trip length on the bus of 7km, this translates into a saving of almost 200,000
vehicle kilometres per day (5,000,000 per month).
The monthly surveys also show that 65 per cent of the people who use Janmarg walk to and from
the bus station. Typically, these trips are between 0.2km to 1.5km. This also translates into
reduction of vehicle
Janmarg now operates over a 45km network. This is expected to increase to 135km over
the next two years. The system is expected to carry over 500,000 passengers by the end of
2012 and over 700,000 passengers by the end of 2014. This would translate into vehicle
mileage savings of 750,000km by 2012 and 1,000,000km by 2014.
Janmarg has been a catalyst in the rejuvenation of Ahmedabad. The entire network has been
planned in a manner that ensures that almost all destinations are covered. The appeal of the
system has reached previously under-served social groups. For example, the afternoon hours,
which are the off-peak, have seen a rise in female travelers; almost 40 per cent of commuters
in the afternoon are women.
Similarly, the widening of the BRT system with new roads and bridges has helped better
connect the city, ans spurring some development. For example, part of the corridor passes
through vacant former mill lands that now are being developed. This includes new housing and
shopping areas for the urban
A big factor in the success of Janmarg has been the positive role played by citizens. The
Ahmedabad Municipal Council (AMC) held regular press briefings on the planning and
designing process, public exhibitions and presentations, responding to all suggestions and
The success of the BRT system has also led to an overall improvement in the service
quality of the Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service (AMTS). All old diesel buses with
obsolete technology have been replaced with compressed natural gas buses. AMTS has added more
than 900 new buses over the last four years. The routes for these buses are now being
operated as feeder services for Janmarg.
Janmarg is now part a larger level regional plan for Ahmedabad, where transit corridors have
been identified and the system is expected to have a much wider coverage. It will also be
integrated with the proposed rail-based transit system.
Since its inception, Janmarg has been a source of learning, and has been visited by
representatives from various cities across India and some international cities, which are
keen on implementing their own BRT systems.