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Periodic Review
 
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The long term global is to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change.

In 2010, the COP agreed on a long-term global goal (LTGG) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions so as to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

The COP decided to periodically review: (1) the adequacy of this long-term global goal in the light of the ultimate objective of the Convention, and (2) overall progress toward achieving the long-term global goal, including a consideration of the implementation of the commitments under the Convention.

In 2012, the COP decided to establish a structured expert dialogue (SED) to support the review and to ensure scientific integrity through a focused exchange of views, information and ideas. The final report on the SED is contained in FCCC/SB/2015/INF.1

Parties, through Decision 10/CP.21 on the 2013–2015 review, paragraph 4, decided in relation to the long-term global goal, and in the light of the ultimate objective of the Convention that the long term global is to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change. This is reflected in the Paris Agreement (Decision 1/CP.21).

COP  21 requested the SBSTA and the SBI to consider the scope of the next periodic review with a view to forwarding a recommendation for consideration by the COP by no later than 2018, as appropriate. It agreed  that  the  next periodic review should be conducted in an effective and efficient manner, avoid duplication of work and take into account the results of relevant work conducted under the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol and the subsidiary bodies.

Updates

In May 2016, at their forty-fourth sessions, the SBSTA and the SBI considered the scope of the next periodic review, as mandated at COP 21 (see above). They noted  the  relevant  work  on  the  global  stocktake  under  the  APA,  the  facilitative  dialogue, which will take place in 2018, and the technical examination processes. They agreed to further consider the scope of the next periodic review at their forty-sixth sessions (May 2017) and to refine it, taking into account relevant experiences with the 2013–2015 review. The SBSTA and the SBI noted that an in-session workshop on the scope of the next periodic review could be useful and that they may consider the matter further at their forty-sixth sessions. The conclusions can be found in the respective reports: SBSTA (page 14) and SBI (page 26).

 
 


 
 
Questions and answers clarifying the procedures involving the conduction of the 2013–2015 review
The 2013–2015 review considers various materials, including the IPCC assessment reports
Invitation for the submission of information and views from Parties addressing the 2013–2015 review
 
 

Outlook

The decision on the 2013-2015 review recognised that the first periodic review fulfilled its mandate.

The SBI and SBSTA are requested to consider the scope of the next review and forward a recommendation for consideration by the COP no later than 2018. The SBSTA and SBI will further consider the scope of the next periodic review at their forty-sixth sessions (May 2017). The structured expert dialogue will be reconvened in conjunction with the next periodic review.




 

 

 



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